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the phrases for the senior school          【字体:
the phrases for the senior school
作者:zhangfen…    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2006-7-12

On duty,

look after/ take care of;

look like/ be alike/ look alike;

you are welcome;

here you are;

what’s wrong with…;

let me see;

put sth away;  put sth aside;  put up;  put down;  put off;

it is time to do sth;

and the things like that;

school things;

in the open air;

help sb with sth;

climb up;

come down the ladder;

all the time;

have a good/ great time;

be good at;

pass sth from one to another;

be next to/ be beside ;

up and down;

backward and forward;

tip and toe;

from top to toe

be good/ bad for;

do good/ harm to;

all day/ all day long;

in a minute;

better late than never;

hands up; hold up;

it’s a pleasure;

at the moment;

get it;

by the way;

in the way;

in a way;

in some way;

on the way to…;

it’s best to do sth;

like A more than B, be in favour of A instead of B;

later on;

from..to..;

see you= see you around;

at times = sometimes; at a time= once; at one time= once; at any time; at that time;

at night; in the evening;

take-away food;

pass sth to sb;

pass on;

pass down;

home cooking;

give sb a call/ ring;

be in hospital;

at the end of;

in the end; by the end of;

wait/ stand in a queue= to stand in line;

queue jumper;

laugh at; make fun of; play a joke on/ at / with;

take exercise;

instead of; rather than; but not; more A than B;

not…until;

get sth back; return sth; turn sth back;

no longer= not any longer; no more= not any more;

enjoy oneself; enjoy the reputation; enjoy the honour; enjoy the dishes;

enjoy the vacation; enjoy the food/ the coffee;

teach oneself sth= learn sth by oneself;

get addressed;

The question got addressed to the chairman.

get dressed;

help oneself to sth;

be up; get up;

be fast / sound asleep; fall asleep;

make a face to sb; make faces;

take sb to hospital;

leave sb by himself; leave sb behind; leave sb alone; leave breakfast unfinished; leave the machine running all day long;

at first; at last; first of all; firstly;

stop doing sth; stop to do sth; go on doing sth; go on to do sth; go on with sth;

places of great interest; sightseeing;

find/feel/fight/push one’s way to/ out of..;

Teachers’ Day;

give sb a short talk/speech/lecture;

for short; in short; in brief;

come on;

be neck and neck; shoulder to shoulder; face to face; hand in hand; back to back; step by step; little by little;

catch up with; keep up with;

well done;

prefer A to B;  prefer doing A to doing B;  prefer to do A than do B;

wake sb up; be awake; get/go to sleep; be sleeping;

be angry with sb; be cross with sb; be angry at sth;

crowd around;

pay for; pay off;

what a pity;

pick up捡起;拿起;学会(非正式);(广播,电视)接收;挑出;(意外)收获;接人;

it doesn’t matter;

that’s all right;

from now/ then on;

what have you done with…?

How have you dealt with sth ?

Everything goes well/ badly.

With pleasure.

Do sth with pleasure.

Get lost; a lost boy; a missing boy/ page; sth is gone;

keep ….safe.

all one’s life;

hold on for a moment;

fall behind;

be sure that …; be sure to do; be sure of / about….;

It is certain…..

send sb away; send off, send for, send up,

try out, try on,

as...as possible, as…as one can;

operate on sb, turn up,

come around,

get ready for sth/ to do sth;

be busy (in) doing sth;

hear from sb, hear of,

dress up, make up,

right now; right away; at once;

get on well/ badly with sb/sth;

fight about sth/ with sb/ against sth;

make friends with sb;

mistake A for B;

take one’s time;

all over/ throughout the world/ country;

leave school= graduate or drop out;

be made of/ from/ in;

use sth as/ for sth;

turn right/ left; turn to the left/ right;

on show;

in the old days;

make tea/ coffee;

in these days;

have a drink of;

business hours;

be broken down;

make sure that;

knock into; knock off; knock down; knock over;

copy one’s example;

thanks to; due to; owing to;

stop/prevent/keep sb from doing;

neither …nor…;

in a few years’ time,

be covered by/ with;

more or less;

so far; till now; up till now;

at the beginning of …

hour after hour;

by the end of ...;

 what’s the population of …;

on the earth;

wear out(磨破;使、、、疲惫);

tire out;  give out

either …or;

so …that…;

on and on;

 turn around;

in surprise; to one’s surprise, surprisingly

take sb’s temperature;

ever since;

keep sb away from;

be sure of…;

take one’s medicine;

feel like doing;

would like to do;

would love to do;

a bit;

keep on doing;

be afraid of;

win the first place;

not at all;

at the foot of…;

on the top of…;

for the first time(做状语);

the first time that ….(带从句,做状语从句);

be off; be leaving;

Nice meeting you. Nice to meet you.

In one’s opinion/ view;

as a result, result in; result from; cause; lie in; lead to; bring about;

time area;

give one’s regards to;

follow one’s instruction; take one’s advice;

turn off; turn on; turn down; turn up; turn to;

dos and don’ts;

by the side of; beside;

bring out; bring up; bring in(引进;赚取);

be filled with; be full of;

on holiday/ vacation;

have some difficulty/trouble (in) doing sth;

take/ have an exam;

ask sb for sth;

come about; come up; come over;

the same as;

a good/great many; a great deal of; a large number of;

a lot of; lots of; plenty of; masses of;

a large quantity of; large quantities of;

change/ put/ translate …into;

see sb off; meet sb in the airport;

take a taxi/ bus;

say hi/sorry/hello/yes/no to sb;

get back;

have a good trip;

tie A to B; all night long;

be about to do; be to do; be going to do;

grow up;

in fact= actually= as a matter of fact; in order to = so as to;

in the past ten years;

break the law; obey the law;

keep off; keep away; keep…out;

wash away;

do a lot of walking/washing;

begin/ start/end with;

spend …on sth/ in doing sth;

set up; build up; found;

fall off, fall from; fall over; fall to the ground;

for a while; for a moment; for some time;

for ever;

a large number of; the number of; a large amount of; a large quantity of; masses of; large quantities of;

cut off; cut down; cut in; cut through;

stay up;

take turns to do sth; in turn; by turns;

just now;

do one’s best; try one’s best; make every effort to do sth; spare no efforts to do sth; take great pains to do sth;

all kinds of; all sorts of; sort out;

a waste of sth; waste doing sth;

make a decision; be determined to do sth; determine to do sth; make up one’s mind

go up; increase; raise; rise; decrease; go down; bring down; arise(arose; arisen)=起床;问题出现 ;

keep a record;

at home and a broad

take up;

Olympic Games;

Take part in; 

In modern times;

Hand in; hand out; hand on; hand over; hand down;

Used to do sth; be used to doing sth/ sth; be used as sth to do sth/ for sth; be accustomed to sth; be adapted to sth;

Make a record; keep a record; break/ create a record

On the radio/ air;

Think of...as ; think…to be; regard .. as…; consider sth to be / as …

In the 1950s; in one’s fifties;

Give sb advice on sth / how to do sth

Prepare for sth; prepare sth for sth; be prepared for sth =  be ready for sth ; make preparation for

Set sb free;

No more than= as little as= as few as= only =

In all= altogether;

Of one’s own= belong to oneself;

Break away from; break up; break in; break down; break into; break off;

Join up; join …to…; join in;

Beat/ sentence sb to death;

There is an end to …; put an end to sth; end sth;

Be/ get tired of sth ; get/ be tired from sth/ doing sth

Keep quiet; keep still; keep silence; break the ice;

Because of; because; as; for; since; now that;

What can I do for you?

Have/ get a pain in the leg/ in the stomach;

Not a bit=not at all; not a little= very much;

Nothing serious/ important;

Have a good rest; relax oneself;

Be all right; be OK

Advise sb not to do sth; forbid sb to do; permit sb to do sth; allow sb to do sth;

There is something wrong with …

Have a cough/ a headache

In calories;

Burn up; burn down; burn to ground; get burnt; burn out;

As much/ many as

Be rich/high/low in sth

Put on weight…  lose weight;

In the form of;

Soft drinks; hard drinks;

One in ten; one out of ten;

Die from/of/ ; die in an accident;

At an early age; at the age of..; aged 10;

Staple food;

Agree to do; agree with sb/ one’s opinion/ what sb said; agree on sth; agree to sth

Suffer great losses/ from sth 

Catch fire; set fire to ; make/light a fire; put out the fire; on fire; be out; fire exit; fire escape

Look out/ watch out/ take care/ be careful

In that case; in no case; in the case of sth / doing sth; in case;

Sound the fire alarm; set the alarm;

Be trapped by/ in; be caught in;

Take the lift; give sb a lift;

Get close to;

Escape doing sth/ being shot; escape from somewhere/ the prison

Lose one’s life; pass away; give one’s life to one’s motherland; sacrifice one’s life;

Offer to do sth ; afford sth; afford to buy sth;

Get married to sb; be married;

Sell out; the best seller;

Make a trip/journey to …

Collect/ raise money for …; donate money for …

Good luck with your trip. Wish each other good luck.

At present; presently

Until recently

Research centre for

One day; another day; the other day;

In the wild;

Once more; once again;

One after another; one by one

Traffic lights; traffic jam;

Give shade in summer; shade; shadow;

Organize “an around-city race”

In the future; in future; from now on; since now;

Not long ago; before long;

English-speaking countries; spoken English;

Be similar to; be familiar with; look alike;

Wild animals and plants;

Hundreds of thousands of;

Test the blood;

After all

Call on; call at; drop in on; drop in at; call out; call for; call in; call off;

In those days; at that time; at that moment;

Be lost; a lost boy; a missing page; sth is gone;

Day and night; all day and all night;

At (the) most; at the least;

The entrance to…; the answer to …; the key to…

Be pleased with, be satisfied with; be angry with;

Pass the examination; have an exam; take the exam;

Lose the game; win the game/the prize; beat/ defeat sb; get beaten/ defeated;

Learn from sb; give sb a lesson; teach sb a lesson;

An invitation to …

Set one’s mind to sth; be absorbed in ..; put one’s heart into;

On New Year’s Eve/ on Christmas Eve;

Look back; recall;

Look forward to sth/doing sth;

Go about from house to house;

Drink to; toast to

Sit up; stay up;

Home town; home village;

Talk about; talk of; hear of; know of; hear about;

It seems that…../ sb seems to be…

To one’s surprise/joy/satisfaction/disappointment;

Lose one’s job; be out of work; be laid off; be unemployed;

Lie to sb; tell a lie

After work; take office; leave office; come into power; walk off power; after school;

At the front desk;

Offer sb sth= offer sth to sb; supply sb with sth= supply sth to sb; provide sb with sth= provide sth to sb;

Look down upon;

In history;

Come out; come about; come up; come on; come in; come across, run across,

Sound like; smell like; look like;

The problem with sb/ sth;

Throw away; throw out; throw off; throw up;

At the same time; meanwhile;

It is adj for sb to do sth ; it is adj of sb to sth;

Daily use; everyday use; every day

After a time;

A paper-making factory;

Start/ begin doing sth; start with sth; to begin with; begin with sth; end in sth; end with sth;

Again and again; now and then,

Paper money;

Hold a competition/ race/ forum/meeting/talk/party

In ancient China;

The two-day weekend system; a two-hour ride; two hours’ ride;

Do harm/good to sb; be harmful to ;

Go in for = enter for

Have a talk with sb about sth; have a word with sb; have words with sb;

Cut up, cut down; cut off; cut out; cut through;

Make progress; improve;

Before long; long before;

Praise sb for sth/ doing sth; excuse sb for …; apologize to sb for …; thank sb for ….

Say sorry to sb for …

Be sure about/ of sth ; be sure to do sth; make sure that …; make sure of sth; ensure that…;

Receive/ get one’s doctor’s degree;

housing problem; the working class/people;

from one country to another;

close friend/ friendship/ games/

close with = end with

support the family/

social problems; social services;

set an example to sb in ….; set off; set out; set about; set up; set in; set a fire to ;

to the north of;

match A with B; fit; be fit for; suit; be suitable for; go with; agree with;

stand for; represent; stand by;

be made up of; make up;

divide …into  ; separate A from B; isolate A from …;

all sorts of; all kinds of; sort out; type; type out;

go bad; go wrong; go smoothly;

keep in touch; out of touch; get in touch with;

lead /live a happy/sad/poor/rich life

be fond of; love

on the coast of; off the coast; along the coast;

East Asia; Middle East; the Pacific Ocean; the Arctic Ocean; the Atlantic Ocean;

Be late for sth; arrive late at somewhere; go to do sth late;

At table; at breakfast; at dinner;

Do some washing; do some shopping;

Read about;

During the day; at night; in the evening;

On the edge of; cutting-edge;

Another day; the other day; all the year round; all through the year;

At the base; at the top

Date from; date back to…;

In danger;

A row of ;

Work on;

Extra pay;

The hoping project;

Get full marks;

Side by side;

Come to know; come to realize; come to life;

Have a headache/stomachache;

Shoot at; aim at/

Pull down; tear down; knock down;

At the weekend;

Keep seeds;

Knock …out of …

Turn over; hand over, come over; take over; look over;

At the correct time/ wrong/ best time of year

Go against / for sth

Year after year; year by year;

A medical conference

Ring up sb/ ring sb up; call sb; phone sb;

Get through; look through; go through;

Take/ leave a message to sb;

Say to oneself; talk to oneself;

Attend the meeting/ lecture/ lesson/party;

Make oneself known/ heard

Make a mistake; mistake A for B; take A for B; by mistake

Be an expert on sth

Do research in sth

Earn / make money; make a living;

Out of breath;

Expect sb to do sth ;

So long as/ as long as

Have some/ little/ a great effect on sth; come into effect; bring/put sth into effect; take effect; side-effect;

A live concert;

Ask for sb; ask sb for sth;

Ring off;

For free; eat sth free; have sth free; free of charge;

Persuade sb to do ; manage to do; succeed in doing sth

Come to oneself;

Out of print;

generally speaking; in general;

Could you tell me the way …..; how can I get to …..;

Go straight ahead;  

Join the line;

Take sth along with

In the hope of doing sth ;

Be well-known/famous as/ for

Lose heart; lose one’s heart;

Get a view from

See as far as…; work as long as….;

Do you mind if I do sth ? Would you mind if I did sth?  I wonder if I could do sth.

Go ahead;

Ask for permission;

In last ten years/ decade;

A third of = one third of

Compare A to B; Compare A with B

Be reduced to 30%/  by30%

Kick the habit; get rid of the habit; form the habit of; have a habit of; get sb into the habit of ;

Make no difference;

Give up; give in; give out; give away; give off;

Call for sth / sb

Have the freedom/the right to do sth;

Show sb to do sth; advise sb on how to do sth ;

Show sb around somewhere; show sb to some place

Body language;

Take sb/ sth for example

Point to; point at; point out; miss the point; get to point;

Follow the customs/ instruction/ advice/order

Keep a certain distance from ; keep away from

Communicate with sb/ each other

One another = each other

Show one’s anger at/on sth / sb; be angry at / on

A day or two; one or two days;

Have a dialogue with sb

Cover the events/ the story

Get down to sth/ doing sth

Fix a time for

Check /look up information

Develop photos

On the front page;

In the coming week;

Cut the cost of

Be popular with …

Care for= like; care

At the very beginning

Put on the play

Intend to do sth; be intended for;

For a period of several weeks

A plan for doing sth; plan to do sth

Act a part; play a role in …

Manner of acting

Be recognized as

After a short while

Add A to B; add up to; add to= increase;

Be well received;

Live the last years of one’s life

Be certain about; be uncertain about;

Be honoured for;

Be caught in;

As if/ as though;

Have…on; wear; be wearing; put on; be in; be dressed in; pull on; try on;

In a hurry=hurriedly;

Bring up; grow up;

What a shame/ pity!

Be of different sizes/ weights/ shapes

It is common to do sth

Be pressed with;

Look around; look about;

Hand out; hand in; hand over; hand on;

Here and there

Couldn’t help doing sth / couldn’t help to do sth

Trade sth with sb

Sooner or later; more or less;

Packs of; piles of;

Tell the difference between A and B; differ A from B; tell A from B

Speak the same way;

Official language

Struggle against sth/ with sb; struggle to do sth;

Make use of; take advantage of;

Refer to;

Clear up;

From time to time

In some ways

At the side of;

Leave sb where he is or she is;

Take it easy;

Give medical care to sb;

Save one’s life;

Give/ do first aid;

Lay sb on one’s back

Hold up; hold back; hold on to; hold sth firmly;

Deal with; do sth with sth;

Running water; study with sb;

Out of one’s reach; beyond one’s reach; within one’s reach;

Large quantities of; a large quantity of;

In a short while;

Cause damage to

Nuclear waste;

Have a large population;

in the heart of …

fail to do sth;

blow away; blow off; blow down;

wash down; wash off;

power station; powered by ….

Chemical rain

A cloud of …;

Lose one’s sight;

Pour into; pour down;

Die out; run out; eat up; use up;

A total of;

Go off= leave;

Or else;

Change A for B

Take place; happen;

Judge sb by …

Be after;

Do sb a favour; give sb a hand;

Make clothes to one’s own measure

Depend on; be independent of; rely on;

Show sb in/ out

Once upon a time

Do up one’s shoes/ one’s hair/ the button;

Take sth seriously;

Be suitable for

Enjoy equal rights;

Come off; break off; get off; shake off;

Be anxious about

Press against

Push over; pull in; pull out;

Cut through;

Return to normal;

Have fun; have a good time; enjoy yourself; enjoy the trip;

Take the place of sb ; take sb’s place; replace;

Clear away; smooth away;

Or so;

For one thing; for another ;

Stare at; glare at;

At the very moment;

Bend over; bend down;

Hold one’s breath; out of breath;

Worse still; what is even worse; to make things worse;

Rush through; get through; pull through; go through; look through; read through;

Attract one’s attention; draw one’s attention; pay one’s attention to; concentrate one’s attention on;

Fetch help; get help; ask for help;

Give sb a shot

Struggle to one’s feet;

Fall over

Send sb to sleep; fall asleep; go to sleep;

speed up;

get away; run away;

run out of sth; run out; eat up; use up

compare note

do a word puzzle;

be content to do sth; be satisfied with;

the Nobel Prize for …

work out; figure out; sort out;

stick to; hold on to; insist on doing;

advanced mathematics;

further education; discuss sth further later;

so far as/ as far as; as far as I know

in space; space shuttle

man-made satellite

at the speed of

if necessary; if needed; if so; if not; if permitting;

dozens of; scores of;

send signals to sb…; send up a rocket/ satellite;

make it difficult for sb to do sth

carry out; work out; figure out; make out;

carry out an experiment/ a plan / an order; 

attempt to do sth; make an attempt to do sth;

keep out of;  置身外;不卷入;不参与;避开

keep off; keep away from; keep out;

look into; investigate;

take/have a seat; seat oneself; be seated;

personal affairs; privacy;

see to: 留意; 照顾;

pay sb a visit= pay a visit to sb

meet sb at the station;

in the corner; on the corner; at the corner

in danger; be dangerous;

there is no doubt/ question about sth

it is no wonder ….

From that moment on; from then on; from now no; from that time on; from tomorrow on;

Keep pets;

Be supposed to do; be due to do ; be to do

Connect to; join to;

Do well in; be good at; be expert at;

Take a deep breath; out of breath;

By weight; by the hour; by time; ….

A variety of; various; all kinds of;

Up to; as many as; 高达….

Below/ above zero;

Provide sth for sb; provide sb with sth;

Feed on/ upon; live on; depend on

Out of work; be unployed;

Right now;

It’s quite likely that ….; sb be likely to do..

Go off; go wrong; go out;

Labour force;

By mail/fax;

Search sth/somewhere for sth / sb; in search of ….;

in the/one’s search for .. ;

satisfy one’s need; meet one’s requirement

keep fit/ healthy;

by accident/ chance;

have a lot in common;

or rather;

be up to do sth ; be busy in doing sth; be engaged to do sth ;

in/ during the rush hour; the peak time/hour;

work permit;

send/ throw/cast /put sb into prison

be on the march; be on strike;

in bad condition; in a bad state;

achieve one’s goal; arrive the agreement ;

call on/upon sb to do sth

make a speech;

turn out to be = prove to be

dream of doing

come true;

be determined to do sth; determine to do sth

even though= even if

fall over; fall down; fall to ground

be in need of …

as a matter of fact = in fact

be referred to

pass sth down; pass on to

from one generation to another; from generation to generation;

learn sth by heart;

in praise of sth/ sb;

get a full mark;

in peace= peacefully

be mentally disturbed;

be badly treated;

keep silent over sth;

fall in love with sb at the first sight

make sure of sth;

pay heavy taxes;

set fire to…; set sth on fire; burn sth down to the ground;

on one’s arrival;

sentence sth to death; beat sb to death; starve to death;

be eager to do sth; be anxious to do sth ;

take the place of sb / sth; take sb’s place;

do a good deed;

have a word with sb

make a note of ..

in other words; in a word;

wish sb success; congratulate sb on sth;

help sb out;

come around; come over; come about; come out;

owe sb sth= owe sth to sb

play a trick on sb; play a joke on sb;

tear sth into pieces; fall into pieces

have nothing to do with; be connected with;

go over; go through; review; check;

succeed in doing sth; manage to do sth;

take degree in …

in honour of; in memory of;

devote… to

make contributions to

protect oneself against …

make great efforts to do sth; spare no efforts to do sth; take great pains to do sth;

insist on doing sth;

take/have an interest in sth

take/attack ….by surprise;

be in charge of sth; sth be in the charge of sb;

set sail;

fix up; fix a date;

hand down; hand out; hand over; hand in; hand up;

be experienced at…/ have rich experience in doing sth; be expert at sth/ doing sth;

be intended for

give birth to

round up;

catch sb doing sth/ stealing sth off the shelf/ hidden in the cave;

result in; result from; lie in; lead to; cause;

be in heavy debt

make sense; make no sense;

break up; break down; break away from; break off; break in; break into; break out;

make noises; make a promise; make a suggestion to sb;

express one’s satisfaction with sth;

give a description of …; account for;

bring in;

be crowded with; be filled with; be full of;

be shocked/surprised/terrified/astonished at;

It looks as if/ as though……;

Be against/ go against; be for/ go for; be in favour for;

Escape from …../ miss

Shut down; shut off; shut sb into; shut sb out

Be skilled at doing sth;

Masses of / a mass of + n (pl/ uncountable)

Be at war; in the war;

Watch over; watch out; look out;

Take on: 从事;担负;呈现(面貌,景象);招收,雇佣

Keep one’s word; keep one’s promise,

Argue about; argue against;

Be ahead of; be in advance;

Burst into tears/ laughter;

But for = without= if it weren’t for

Be on the point of doing sth ;

Double one’s efforts

Look into one’s eyes;

Tire oneself out=wear sb out;

Keep one’s balance;

Glance at; stare at; glare at

Lose one’s voice;

It is like sb to do sth ..;

Hold out; hold up; hold on to;

In a flash;

Be ashamed of

On condition that;

Take one’s seat;

Take …in one’s arms = hug

At the mercy of …=under the control of

Go down on one’s knees; kneel down

Take pride in = be proud of

A couple of days/weeks; couple sb/ sth with …;

Lead/live an active life;

Keep up;

In one’s usual way;

A handful of+ n (pl/ uncountable);

All corners of the world;

Turn away = refuse;

Fight over sth /with sb/ against sb ;

Take possession of sth; be in the possession of sb;

Cut down; bring down; go down; reduce;

Cut off; cut through; cut in;

In chains; chain store;

Hit sb’s head= hit sb on the head;

Hold/keep sb prisoner;

What becomes of…= how is going on with …

Roll over

In one’s youth;

Dip into;

Remind sb of sth; warn sb about/of sth; remind sb to sth; warn sb not to do sth;

Talk sth through充分讨论;

Have a gift for doing sth/ sth; be gifted/ talented for

In one’s opinion;

Bring sb into touch with;

Look back upon/ on sth = recall sth;

Owe thanks to sb for sth;

Rather than; other than; more than;

Rush sb off one’s feet;

Take action; take measures;

What is more; moreover;

Make both ends meet;

Be related with;

Turn to sb for help;

Apart from; besides; except; in addition( to); except for; except that;

In public;

As follows;

Check out; check in;

To the point; miss the point;

Tell… apart; tell the difference between A and B; tell A from B;

To one’s astonishment; in astonishment;

Come to light;

Set out to do sth; set off; set up; set about doing sth;

Make a beeline for …;

Blow the fire off;

Clear up; clean up

On one hand; on the other hand;

At one’s expense; at the cost of;

Open up;

In reply to …

The moment….;

All at once; all of a sudden;

Take in; be absorbed;

Be faced with; face …

Surf the internet;

Hunt for sth ;

Develop a friendship with sb;

Share happiness and sorrow;

Be loyal to sb;

Drop sb a few line;

Have a good knowledge of sth ;

More of less;

Return to normal

Combine A with B

As for; as to ;

Get on one’s feet; pick oneself up;

Take notes of

Follow/ keep/ obey the law;

Make comments on sth;

Pay a visit to ….;

Keep sth in mind;

Follow the fashion;

Represent oneself as/ to be ….

Fall into ruins; in ruins

Cultural relics;

In pieces

Be well worth doing sth

Track and field;

Die out; die away; die down;

Respond to;

Have much in common;

Put forward/ raise suggestion;

A series of;

In trouble

Have a good/ high/bad opinion of sth or sb

For/with the purpose of

Come up with an idea;

Tie sth to sth; = fasten sth to sth

Rise to fame;

Bear the hardship;

In the direction to London;

Sth occur to sb

At the risk of being beaten;

Compare notes;

What if ….;

The other way around;

A promising graduate;

Make no difference; make a difference;

Be addicted to sth;

On all sides;

Current affairs;

Be concern about

Be concerned with

Set aside ;

A piece of furniture

Be decorated with

Expect sb to do sth; expect to do sth;

Stand out; outstanding

Come into being;

Stand close to;

Recommend sb to do sth;

Light up; sth come to light;

In general; general speaking;

Have advantages over sth

As usual;

Ensure safety;

On the contrary;

For the moment; for the time being;

Offer sb a chance;

Be content with = be satisfied with;

Have access to sth/ sb

In harmony with nature;

Put an end to sth;

By chance= by accident

At a speed of …

Sustainable development;

Be scared to death;

On arrival;

Get into a total panic;

Set foot in;

Make …clear;

In private; in public

Be on voyage;

Throw light upon sth;

Take one’s time; take it easy;

The best time to do sth;

Do sth in vain;

Have sympathy for sb;

Be gifted/talented in sth; have a gift for sth;

Be curious about sth;

Have no time to spare;

Concentrate on

On a large scale;

Pass away;

In detail

Take sth into consideration; = take sth into consideration;

Common sense; common practice;

Lay off;

Make matters worse;

Let down;

Do up;

Through thick and thin;

Live up to one’s wish/ expectation;

To begin with;

For the sake of….

Get sth across;

1.       add … to…里添加

add to one’s joy/ sorrow/ delight/ burden/ trouble/…增添了

add up to…加起来总共

add… up…(数字等)加起来

2.       bring up (1) 呕吐 (2) 养育

bring …out(1) 出版, 生产 (2) (使)意义等明白显露出来

bring in (1) 带来,引进 (2) 挣来 (3) 生产, 产出

bring about …带来, 造成

bring down 降低(温度, 物价等)

bring … back使回想起

3.       break down (1) 出故障, 抛锚, 坏掉 (2) (精神/健康等)垮掉 (3) 分解(化学变化)

break up (1) 分解(物理变化) (2) 驱散

break out (1) 突然发生, 爆发 (2) ~ crying突然痛哭

break into…(1) 闯入… (2) ~ pieces打成碎片

(3) ~ tears/…突然痛哭

break forth突然喷发, 突然发生

break in (1) 插嘴 (2) 破门而入

break away from… 脱离

4.       burst out crying/ laughing/ …突然痛哭/…

burst into tears/ laughter/ cheers/…突然痛哭

burst out = break out突然发生, 爆发

burst forth = break forth突然喷发, 突然发生

burst into pieces = break into pieces打成碎片

5.       call up (1) 打电话 (2) 回想起

call for… (1) 需要, 要求 (2) (), 约请

call on (1) 拜访() (2) 号召 ~ sb. to do sth.

call at … 拜访(某地)

call in 叫来

call off 取消

call back (1) 回电话 (2) 叫回, 收回()

6.       come by … 得到, 获得

come across 偶然遇到

come on/ upon (灾难等)突然袭来, (想法等)突然产生

Come on! / / 得了!

come about 发生

come along出现, 发展

come over 过来, 顺便来访

come round前来, 绕道而来

come out (1) () (2) 被出版/发表

come up (1) 发芽, 长出 (2) 上来 (3) (问题/建议等)被提出来

come up with…提出(问题/建议等)

7.       cut … down (1) 砍倒 (2) 削减(价格/费用等)

cut off (1)/割掉, 删去 (2)切断(//食物等的供应), 使隔绝

cut in 插嘴//

cut into… 打断(谈话等)

cut up 切碎, 歼灭

cut short /削短

8.       die of 死于(饥饿/寒冷/悲伤/疾病等)

die from 死于(事故/外伤/疾病等)

die out 灭绝

die off 灭绝, 逐个地死去

die down/ away/ out (/声音/火等)逐渐减弱/消失

9.       eat out 在外面吃饭

eat sth. up吃光

10.   fall over… 拌倒

fall behind (…) (…)()

fall off … 跌下

fall down跌倒

11.   get on 上车

get off下车

get up 起床, 站起来

get in 收割(庄稼/水果等)

get on/ along进展, 过活

get over 克服(困难等), 度过(难关/艰难时期)

get through (1) 通过(考试/地点等) (2) 完成, 吃完 (3) 接通(电话) ~ to the manager’s office (4) 使人明白get sth. through to sb. (5) 度过(一段时间)

get sth. across (to sb.) 使人明白

12.   give off 放出(//气体/液体等)

give our (1) 放出(//气体/液体等) (2) 分发 (3) vi. 用完, 精疲力竭

give away (1) 分发 (2) 捐赠 (3) 使某人露馅 give sb. away

    give in (to sb.) (…) 屈服/投降/让步

give up 放弃, 戒除

give …back = return 归还

13.   go in for…爱好

go down (太阳/温度/水位/价格等) 下降/, 落下

go up(太阳/温度/水位/价格等) 上升/

go over 复习

go through (1) 通过(议案/地点等) (2) 经历(艰难困苦) (3) 度过9一段时间) (4) 浏览 (5) 仔细审阅

go on (1) 发生 (2) 进行 / (3) 继续 ~ to do sth.接着做(另一事)    doing sth. = ~ with sth. 继续做

go out (/火等) 熄灭

go off 爆炸

go without… 在没有的情况下勉强度过

go for (1) 努力去获取 (2) 适用 (3) 去取

go about sth. 从事

go all out (for…) 全力以赴

14.   hand … in上交

hand over移交

hand down留传

15.   keep on doing sth.继续/坚持做

keep sth(courage/ spirit/temperature) up 坚持, 使保持不下降

keep up with跟上

keep away from… /躲开, 远离

keep off … 远离

keep … out 挡住…, 不让进来

keep to oneself (1) 保守秘密 (2) 不与人来往

keep … from doing sth. 阻止某人做

16.   knock at/ on … (门等)

knock into…撞上…, 与某人撞个满怀

knock down (1) 把某人撞倒 (2) 拆掉(建筑物等)

knock out (1) 淘汰出局 (2) 把某人打昏

knock over 把某物撞翻

knock …off … 把某物从某地撞下来

17.   live up to… 不辜负…, 符合

live through… 活着度过/挨过(某个时期)

live on sth.…(食物/工资等)为生

live by doing sth./靠做某事为生

18.   look for寻找

look after 照顾

look forward to (doing) sth.盼望

look out (for…) 当心/堤防(…)

look up (1) 抬头看 ~ at… (2) 查阅(单词/资料等) ~ a word in the dictionary  ~ the information on the Internet (3) 尊敬~ on/ upon sb. (4) 看望某人

look down (1) 低头看~ at… (2) 看不起~ on/ upon sb

look sb. up and down 上下打量某人

look on/ upon…as…看作

look into…调查

look back (upon…) 回顾

19.   leave… with/ to sb./托付给某人办

leave out (1) 遗漏, 省略 (2) 不考虑

leave off 停止, 不再使用

leave over… 剩余下来

leave behind 留下, 遗留, 忘带

20.   let …in 进入, 招致(祸害等)

let … out (1) 放掉(/) let air out of the tyre  (2) 发出(声音等) let out a cry of joy  (3) 泄露(秘密等) let out the secret

let … off 放掉, 不惩罚/处理

let alone (1) 不干涉/… (2) 更别提/

21.   make up (1) /构成 (2) 编造(谎言/理由/故事等) (3) 化妆 (4) 弥补 ~ for sth.

    be made up of…组成/构成

make for…有助于…, 倾向于…, 走向

make out (1) 辨认出 (2) /了解

make … into…制成

make … from…来制造

make … of…来制造

make … out of…来制造

22.   pass out 昏迷/, 失去知觉,

pass away (1) 死亡 (2) 终止/停止

pass down 留传

pass… to…传给

pass …on 传下去

23.   pay off (1) 还清(债务等) (2) 得到回报

pay back (1) 还回(钱等) (2) 报答

pay for… 付款

24.   pick on… 挑剔

pick up(1) 捡起 (2) (用车)接某人 (3) 接收(节目/信号等) (4)

偶然得到/学到 (5) (健康等)逐渐恢复

pick out (1) 挑选 (2) 辨认出(往往在人群中)

make out辨认出

figure out 估摸/估算出, 辨认出

25.   put away 收好

put aside 搁置在一边, 储存起来

put forward提出(建议/问题等)

put off 推迟

put on (1) 穿上 (2) 上演/ (3) 长胖 ~ weight

put out … 扑灭(火等)

put down (1) 写下… (2) 镇压 (3) 制止

put up (1) //挂起 (2) 为某人提供食宿 ~ sb for the night (3) 忍受 ~ with sb.

fix sb. up 安顿, ..安排食宿

26.   see sb. off 送行

see sb. through看透

see to it (that…)负责…, 保证

27.   send off/ out (1) 派出… (2) 发出(//气体/液体)

send up 发射

send away撵走, 开除

send for sb.派人去请

28.   set off (1) 出发, 动身 (2) 引爆 (3) 引发(思乡等情绪/性格的体现)

set out (1) 出发, 动身 (2) 开始认真/着手做… ~ to do sth.

set about开始认真/着手做… ~ doing sth.

set to sth. 开始认真/着手做

set aside (1) 搁置在一边 (2) /拨出(时间/钱等) (3) 使与众不同

set…apart (1) /拨出(时间/钱等) (2) 使与众不同

29.   show sb. in 进来

show sb. out出去

show sb. around (spl.) 四处看

show off 炫耀

30.   stand by … 支持

stand for…代表

stand out 突出, 与众不同

31.   stick to sth 坚持(观点/看法等)

stick out 突出/伸出

be/ get stuck in… = be/ get caught/ trapped in… 被困于

32.   take …for… = mistake … for … 错把当作

take down (1) /取下 (2) 写下

take up (1) 拿起 (2) 占据(时间/空间/比例等) (3) 开始从事… (4) 接着(发出声音/讲课/讲故事等)

take in (1) 改小 (2) 接纳, 收容 (3) 欺骗 (4) 吸收(营养等) (5) 拿活回来做

take off (1) 起飞 (2) 成功 (3) 脱掉(衣物等)

take on (1) 雇佣 (2) 呈现(面貌/颜色等)

take over 接管

take to sth./ doing sth. = like sth./ to do sth./ doing sth. 喜欢

33.   tear at sth.撕扯

tear sth. up 完全撕掉

tear sth. into pieces撕成碎片

tear sth. down (1) 撕下 (2) 拆掉(建筑物)

34.   think of.. (1) 想起/ (2) 考虑 (3) 认为 ~ … as…

think about … 考虑

think over 认真考虑

think out想出

35.   turn against…背叛

turn into…变成

turn to…(1) 转身向着… (2) 求助 ~ sb. for help/ advice/… (3) 转而去做/… ~ English/ medicine  ~ repairing bikes (4) 翻到(某一页)

turn on … 打开(电源/开关等)

turn off … 关掉(电源/开关等)

turn up (1) vi. = appear 出现, 露面 (2) 开大(音量//电等)

turn down (1) 拒绝某人 (2) 关小(音量//电等)

turn away 打发走某人

turn out (1) 结果证明… (2) 生产出

36.   work out (1)解出/计算出(难题/费用等) (2) (计划等)进行得顺利

work on… 致力于

work at… 解题

work as……, 工作

37.   call on sb. 拜访某人

call at spl 拜访某地

drop in on sb.顺便拜访某人

drop in at spl.顺便拜访某地

look up sb.看望某人

pay a visit to sb.拜访某地

38.   be meant for…打算/注定要做/成为

be intended for…(特意)为某人而准备

39.   make the point 阐明要点/观点

make a difference (1) 有不同/差别 (2) 与众不同 (3) 成功

make (no) sense () 有意义

40.   stick to sth. 坚持(观点/见解等)

keep doing sth. (1) 继续做… (2) 反复/老是做

keep on doing sth. 继续/坚持做

keep sth. up (1) 继续/坚持 (2) 保持…(不下降)

go on doing sth.= go on with sth. 继续做(原来做的事)

go on to do sth.接着做…(另一事)

insist on doing sth. 坚持(认为应该)

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