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增强书面表达效果的技巧(四)          【字体:
增强书面表达效果的技巧(四)
作者:佚名    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2006-7-12

增强书面表达效果的技巧(四)

请记住以下经典句型 (尤其是前二十个,二十~三十可作为理解)

一、~~~ the + ~ est + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen (known/heard/had/read, etc)
 ~~~ the most + 形容词 + 名词 + (that) + 主词
+ have ever + seen (known/heard/had/read, etc)
  例句:
Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen.
        海伦是我所看过最美丽的女孩。

  
      Mr. Chang is the kindest teacher that I have ever had.
        张老师是我曾经遇到最仁慈的教师。

二、
Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V
  Nothing is + more + 形容词
+ than to + V
  例句:
Nothing is more important than to receive education.
        没有比接受教育更重要的事。

三、There is no doubt that + 句子~~ (毫无疑问的...

  例句:
There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired.
         
毫无疑问的我们的教育制度令人不满意。

          leave much to be desired
(令人不满意)

  
      eg: The condition of our traffic leaves much to be desired.
        我们的交通状况令人不满意。

四、An advantage of ~~~ is that + 句子 ...的优点是...
  例句:
An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won‘t create (produce) any pollution.
        使用太阳能的优点是它不会制造任何污染。

五、The reason why + 句子 ~~~ is that + 句子 ...的原因是...

  例句:
The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air.
       
 
The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh air for us.
        我们必须种树的原因是它们能供应我们新鲜的空气。

六、That is the reason why ~~~ (那就是...的原因)
  例句:
Summer is sultry. That is the reason why I don‘t like it.
        夏天很闷热。那就是我不喜欢它的原因。

七、
The + ~er + S + V, ~~~ the + ~er + S + V ~~~
  The + more + Adj + S + V, ~~~ the + more + Adj + S + V ~~~(愈......

  例句:
The harder you work, the more progress you make.
        你愈努力,你愈进步。

  
      The more books we read, the more learned we become.
        我们书读愈多,我们愈有学问。

八、By +V-ing, ~~ can ~~ (借着.....能够..

    例句:
By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy.
          借着做运动,我们能够始终保持健康。

九、~~~ enable + sb+ to + V ..使..能够..

    例句:
Listening to music enable us to feel relaxed.
          听音乐使我们能够感觉轻松。

十、It is (high) time + Subject(主语) + 过去式 (该是...的时候了)

    例句:It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems.=

            It is time for the authorities concerned to take proper steps to solve the traffic problems.
          该是有关当局采取适当的措施来解决交通问题的时候了。

十一、Those who ~~~ ...的人...

    例句:
Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished.
           违反交通规定的人应该受处罚。

十二、There is no one but ~~~ (没有人不...

    例句:
There is no one but longs to go to college.
          没有人不渴望上大学。

十三、It is conceivable that + 句子 (可想而知的)

      It is obvious that +
句子 (明显的)

    It is apparent that + 句子 (显然的)

    例句:
It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our life.
          可想而知,知识在我们的一生中扮演一个重要的角色。

      
至少记住It is obvious that …

eg:  It is obvious to everyone that he is lying. 大家都很清楚他在撒谎。
十四、For the past + 时间,S + 现在完成式...(过去...年来,...一直...
    例句:
For the past two years, I have been busy preparing for the examination.
          过去两年来,我一直忙着准备考试。

十五、Since + S + 过去式,S + 现在完成式。

    例句:
Since he went to senior high school, he has worked very hard.
          自从他上高中,他一直很用功。

十六、be based on (以...为基础)

 
  例句:
The progress of thee society is based on harmony.
          社会的进步是以和谐为基础的。

十七、spare no effort to + V (不遗余力的)

    例句:
We should spare no effort to beautify our environment.
          我们应该不遗余力的美化我们的环境。

十八、Due to/Owing to/Thanks to , ~~~ (因为...

    例句:
Thanks to his encouragement, I finally realized my dream.
          为他的鼓励,我终于实现我的梦想。

十九、have a great influence on ~~~ (对...有很大的影响)

      例句:
Smoking has a great influence on our health.
            抽烟对我们的健康有很大的影响。

二十、do good to (对...有益),do harm to (对...有害)

      例句:Reading does good to our mind.读书对心灵有益。

            Overwork does harm to health.工作过度对健康有害。

 
二十一、do one‘s utmost to + V = do one‘s best (尽全力去...

        例句:
We should do our utmost to achieve our goal in life.
               我们应尽全力去达成我们的人生目标。

 二十二、be closely related to ~~ (与...息息相关)
        例句:
Taking exercise is closely related to health.
               做运动与健康息息相关。

 二十三、感叹句(多么...!)

        例句:
What an important thing it is to keep our promise!
  
            How important a thing it is to keep our promise!
           
  遵守诺言是多么重要的事!

二十四、~~~ cannot emphasize the importance of ~~~ too much.
      (再怎么强调...的重要性也不为过。)

       例句:
We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.
             我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。

 
二十五、There is no denying that + S + V ...(不可否认的...

        例句:
There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse.
               不可否认的,我们的生活品质已经每况愈下。

 
二十六、So + 形容词 + be + 主语 + that + 句子 (如此...以致于...

        例句:So precious is time that we can‘t afford to waste it. =

The time is so precious that we can’t afford to waste it.
              时间是如此珍贵,我们经不起浪费它。
  
二十七、adj. + as + Subject(主语)+ be, S + V~~~ (虽然...
        例句:Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory.
        {by no means = in no way = on no account 一点也不}
        虽然我们的国家富有,我们的生活品质绝对令人不满意。
  
二十八、be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V (不得不...
       例句:Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled to give up doing sports.  
    
        既然考试迫在眉睫,我不得不放弃做运动。
  
二十九、It pays to + V ~~~ ...是值得的。)
         例句:It pays to help others.
               帮助别人是值得的。  
   
三十、 pose a great threat to ~~ (对...造成一大威胁)
         例句:Pollution poses a great threat to our existence.
               污染对我们的生存造成一大威胁。

文章录入:zhangfeng    责任编辑:zhangfeng 
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