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增强书面表达效果的技巧(三)          【字体:
增强书面表达效果的技巧(三)
作者:佚名    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2006-7-12

增强书面表达效果的技巧(三)

以下是短文写作中使用率较高的基本句式,每组句式的功能相同或相似,请根据自己的情况选择其中的12个,做到能够熟练正确地模仿套用。  

1.表示原因  

  1There are three reasons for this  

  2The reasons for this are as follows  

  3The reason for this is obvious  

  4The reason for this is that...  

  5We have good reason to believe that...  

  例如:  

  There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our lifeFirstlypeople’s living standard has been greatly improvedSecondlymost people are well paid and they can afford what they need or likeLast but not leastmore and more people prefer to enjoy modern life  

  注:如写第一个句子没有把握,可将其改写成两个句子。如:Great changes have taken place in our life There are three reasons for this.这样写可以避免套用中的表达失误。  

2.表示好处  

  1It has the following advantages  

  2It does us a lot of good  

  3It benefits us quite a lot  

  4It is beneficial to us  

  5It is of great benefit to us  

  例如:  

  Books are like friendsThey can help us know the world betterand they can open our minds and widen our horizonsThereforereading extensively is of great benefit to us  

3.表示坏处  

  1It has more disadvantages than advantages  

  2It does us much harm  

  3It is harmfulto us  

  例如:  

  Howevereverything divides into twoTelevision can also be harmful to usIt can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching television  

4.表示重要、必要、困难、方便、可能  

  1It is importantnecessarydifficultconvenient possiblefor sbto do sth  

  2We think it necessary/important/difficult to do sth  

  3It plays an important role in our life  

  例如:  

  Computers are now being used everywherewhether in the governmentin schools or in businessSoon computers will be found in every hometooWe have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age  

5.表示措施  

  1We should take some effective measures  

  2We should try our best to overcomeconquerthe difficulties

 3We should do our utmost in doing sth  

  4We should solve the problems that we are confrontedfacedwith  

  例如:  

  The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more seriousThereforewe must take some effective measures to solve it  

6.表示变化  

  1Some changes have taken place in the past five years  

  2A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications  

  3The computer has brought about many changes in education  

  例如:  

  Some changes have taken place in people’s diet in the past five yearsThe major reasons for these changes are not far to seekNowadaysmore and more people are switching from grain to meat for proteinand from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins  

7.表示事实、现状  

  1We cannot ignore the fact that...  

  2No one can deny the fact that...  

  3There is no denying the fact that...  

  4This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in  

  5Howeverthat’s not the case  

  例如:

  We cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it the problems of pollutionTo solve these problems we can start by educating the public about the hazards of pollutionThe government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment  

8.表示比较  

  1Compared with AB...  

  2I prefer to read rather than watch TV  

  3There is a striking contrast between them  

  例如:  

  Compared with carsbicycles have several advantages besides being affordableFirstlythey do not consume natural resources of petroleumSecondlythey do not cause the pollution problemLast but not leastthey contribute to people’s health by giving them due physical exercise  

9.表示数量  

  1It has increaseddecreasedfrom...to...  

  2The population in this city has now increased decreasedto 800000  

  3The output of July in this factory increased by 15 compared with that of January  

  例如:  

  With the improvement of the living standardthe proportion of people’s income spent on food has decreased while that spent on education has increased  

  再如:  

  From the graph listed aboveit can be seen that student use of computers has increased from an average of less than two hours per week in 1990 to 20 hours in 2000  

  注:“From the graph listed aboveit can be seen that”见句式12

10.表示看法  

  1People havetakeadoptassumedifferent attitudes towards sth  

  2People have different opinions on this problem  

  3People take different views ofonthe question  

  4Some people believe that...Others argue that...  

  例如:  

  People have different attitudes towards failureSome believe that failure leads to success  

  Every failure they experience translates into a greater chance of success at their renewed endeavorHowever others are easily discouraged by failures and put themselves into the category of losers  

  再如:  

  Do “lucky numbers” really bring good luckDifferent people have different views on it  

  注:一个段落有时很适宜以问句开始,应掌握这一写作方法。  

11.表示结论  

  1In shortit can be said that ...  

  2It may be briefly summed up as follows  

  3From what has been mentioned abovewe can come to the conclusion that ...  

  例如:  

  From what has been mentioned abovewe can come to the conclusion that examination is necessaryhowever its method should be improved  

  注:例句1可用于任何一个段落的结论句;例句3则多用文章结论段的第一句。  

 12.套语  

  1It’s well known to us that ...  

  2As is known to us,...  

  3This is a topic that is being widely talked about  

  4From the graphtablechartlisted aboveit can be seen that ...  

5As a proverb says“Where there is a willthere is a way

6)  As a popular saying goes, “ Failure teaches success.”  

  例如:  

  As is well known to usit is important for the students to know the world outside campus  

  The reason for this is obviousNowadaysthe society is changing and developing rapidlyand the campus is no longer an “ivory tower”As college studentswe must get in touch with the world outside the campusOnly in this way can we adapt ourselves to the society quickly after we graduate  

  再如:  

  Does it pay to be honestThis is a topic that is being widely talked about and different people have different opinions on it.

 

Writing

Write a composition on the topic:  It Pays to Be Honest. (诚实是值得的) You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:

1.当前社会上存在着许多不诚实的现象

2.诚实利人利己,做人应该诚实

 

范文:

Although honesty is believed to be a virtue, there are still dishonest people in our society. For example, some businessmen sell fake product to their consumers; some students cheat in the exams.
Dishonest people are short-sighted. Those who sell fake products may make money at first, but consumers won
t  buy their products any more. As a result, they will lose their fortune or even be sent to prison. By contrast, honest people gain a lot.
Those who always tell truth or keep to their promise not only let others trust them but gain respect from other people as well. Such persons are sure to have a lot of good friends. Because they are trustable and respectable, everyone is eager to make friends with them.  Besides, it is easier for a person with a good record to get a good job. Generally speaking, every employer wants his employees to be honest. So we can say that anyone who is honest will be paid back later.
In a word, honesty wins trust, respect and honor. So it is important that we should be honest.

请大家找找范文中值得借鉴的地方。

文章录入:zhangfeng    责任编辑:zhangfeng 
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