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增强书面表达效果的技巧(一)          【字体:
增强书面表达效果的技巧(一)
作者:佚名    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2006-7-12

增强书面表达效果的技巧(一)

想得写作得高分,除了要点和语言准确度以外,还必须在较复杂的句子结构或较高级的词汇上有所表现。句式单一,缺乏生气的文章,哪怕无任何错误也不可能得高分,

一、以下四种手段是增加句子复杂性的常见方法,也是得高分的亮点

  1.改变句子的开头方式,不要一味地都是主语开头,接着是谓语、宾语,最后再加一个状语。可以把状语置于句首,或用分词做状语等。

  [原文]We met at the school gate and went there together early in the morning.

  [修正]Early in the morning we met at the school gate and went there together.

  [原文]The young man couldn’t help crying when he heard the bad news.

  [修正]Hearing the bad newsthe young man couldn’t help crying.

  2.在整篇文章中,避免只使用一两个句式,要灵活运用诸如倒装句、强调句、主从复合句、分词状语等。

  强调句

  [原文]My parents praised Ah Fu warmly. It had saved my little sister bravely.

  [修正]My parents praised Ah Fu warmly. It was our brave Ah Fu who had saved my little sister bravely.

  what等引导的从句,此处的what相当于中文的……”,有很大的概括力,如:

  [原文]We had to stand there to catch the offender(罪犯,违法者) .

  [修正]What we had to do was to stand there trying to catch the offender.

  What China has achieved in recent years is known through the world.

  China is no longer what it used to be.

  withwithout引导的短语。如:

He sat in a chair with a newspaper in the hand.

China is a vast country with a long history and brilliant culture.

He entered without knocking at the door.

  分词短语。如:

Satisfied with the result he decided to go on with a new experiment.

Not knowing what to do, he went to his parents for help.

  倒装句。如:

  Only in this way can we achieve our goal.

  Never before have I seen such a wonderful film.

  省略句。如:

  If so victory will be ours.

  You can make some changes wherever necessary.

  对比,这是中文中也常用的方法。如:

  Failure is not a crime but failure to learn from failure is.

  When I play I feel excited and after it I feel relaxed.

  3.通过分句和合句,增强句子的连贯性和表现力。

  [原文]He stopped us half an hour ago. He made us catch the next offender.

  [修正]He stopped us half an hour ago and made us catch the next offender.

  [原文]We had a short rest. Then we began to play happily. We sang and danced.        Some told stories. Some played chess.

  [修正]After a short rest we had great fun singing and dancing telling jokes

and playing chess.

  4.学会使用过渡词。如:

  递进: then(然后) besides(还有) furthermore(而且)what’s more/moreover(此外)等。

  转折: however(然而) but(但是) on the country(相反) after all(毕竟)等。

  总结: finally(最后) at last(最后) in a word/in brief(总之) in conclusion(最后)等。

  强调: indeed(确实) certainly(一定) surely(确定) above all(尤其)等。

  对比: in the same way(同样地) just as(正如) on one hand…on the other hand(一方面……另一方面……)等。

  5.注意使用不同长度的句子。

  二、对于较复杂的词汇,可以从以下几个方面着手。

  1.注意使用词组、习语来代替一些单词,以增加文采。如:

  [原文]A new railway is being built in my hometown.

  [修正]A new railway is under construction in my hometown.

  2.使用一些很有洋味的单词。如:

  Thank you for sharing the time with us.

  The way he views the world is very practical.

  3.避免重复使用某一单词或短语。如:

  [原文]I like reading while my brother likes watching television.

     [修正]I like reading while my brother enjoys watching television.

文章录入:zhangfeng    责任编辑:zhangfeng 
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