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非谓语动词练习          【字体:
非谓语动词练习
作者:林慧珠    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2006-7-12

非谓语动词练习   班级______ 姓名_________

 

一、位于名词/代词后(宾补/定语)

1.       Don’t leave the water ___ while you brush your teeth.

A. run    B. running    C. being run    D. to run

2.       Frightened by the bullets ___, the fellow hid his head in the bushes, ___.

A. whistled, leaving his body exposed  

B. whistling by, leaving his body exposed

C. whistled, left his body exposed 

D. was whistled by, and left his body exposing

3.       Mr. Douglas unknowingly left his purse ___ on the shop counter.

A. laying  B. to lie  C. laid  D. lying

4.       – Why did you go back to the shop? – I left my friend ___ there.

A. waiting  B. to wait  C. wait  D. waits

5.       As you didn’t sweep the floor yesterday, we’ll leave you ___ it after class to make up.  A. sweeping  B. to sweep  C. sweep  D. swept

6.       He is always in such a hurry that he often leaves his room ___.

   A. unlocked  B. unlock  C. to be unlocked  D. unlocking

    leave +宾语+doing/继续做/to do sth.去做 

leave + 宾语+ done/ undone/ unfinished/ untouched/ unsettled/…

7.       The student lay on the grassland with his hands ___ behind his head and eyes ___.   A. crossed, close    B. crossing, closed

C. crossing, closed            D. crossed, closed

8.       With a lot of difficult problems ___, the newly elected president is having a hard time.  A. settled   B. settling   C. to settle   D. being settled

9.       With difficult problems ___, the president feels relaxed now.

   A. settled   B. settling   C. to settle   D. being settled

10.   With ___ she needed ___, she left the marketplace. A. something, to buy  B. anything, having bought  C. everything buying D. everything bought

11.   ___ his health ___, he could go on with his experiment.

A. Since, improving  B. For, improved 

C. With, improving  D. With, improved

12.   With a lot of work ___, I can’t go shopping with you.

A. being done  B. done  C. to do  D. doing

13.   After the Arab states won independence, much attention was paid to  developing education, with girls as well as boys ___ to go to school.

 A. to be encouraged    B. been encouraged

C. encouraged        D. be encouraged

with +宾语+ doing在做/ to do sth.要做  

with+宾语+done已被…/ to be done将被

14.   Tom looked at Jenny, tears ___ his eyes, and shouted out the words ___ in his heart for years.  A. filling, having been hidden 

B. filled, hidden   C. filling, hidden  D. filled, hiding

15.   The most popular food for foreigners ___ on any menu in Beijing is roast duck. A. include  B. including  C. to include  D. included

16.   Are all the names of your class ___ here? – Yes, all ___ mine.

A. listed, included     B. listing, includes 

C. listed, including    D. being listed, being included

 

独立主格:

n./ pron.(主格)+ done = with +n./ pron.(宾格)+ done

n. / pron.(主格)+doing/ to do sth.= with+n./ pron.(宾格)+ doing/ to do

n./ pron.(主格)+ adj./ adv. = with +n./ pron.(宾格)+adj./ adv.

n.(无冠词)/pron.(主格)+ prep.+n.(无冠词)

= with +n./ pron.(宾格)+ done

He came in, book in hand. = He came in with a book in his hand.

 

17.   Sarah, hurry up. I’m afraid you cant have time to ___ before the party.

A. get changed  B. get change  C. get changing  D. get to change   

18.   I find it difficult to ___ so early.

A. get start  B. get to start  C. get starting  D. get started

19.   With information from news media, we ___ that we won’t be infected with AIDS via some casual contacts with AIDS patients.

A. get known  B. get know  C. get to know  D. get knowing  

20.   The exciting music got everybody ___ to it.

A. dance  B. dancing  C. to dance  D. danced

21.   You’d better ___ before 5:30 so that we will be in time for the concert.

A. get dinner prepare      B. to get dinner prepared 

C. get dinner prepared   D. get dinner prepared for 

22.   ____________(give out), they decided to get someone else _________ (continue) the work.

 

Giving out, to continue 

 

(1) get +宾语+ to do sth.使去做/ doing sth.使动起来 

get. +宾语+done  使

(2) get/ come to do sth逐渐/终于,后跟realize/ understand/ love/ like等表示心理状态的动词

(3) get + Vt.-ed = be + Vt-ed 

get drunk/ hurt/ paid/ caught/ stuck/ trapped/…

(4) get + Vi.-ed = Vi. get changed/ started = change/ start 换衣/开始

23.   Helen had to shout ___ above the sound of the music.

A. making herself hear     B. to make herself hear 

C. making herself heard    D. to make herself heard

24.   He managed to make himself ___ in spite of his ___ English.

A. understanding, broken    B. understood, broken 

C. understanding, breaking   D. understood, breaking

25.   The farmhands were made __________ (work) 20 hours a day.

26.   He made a large bed for all the children __________ (sleep) on.

(make+宾语+do sth. = be made to do sth.   make+宾语+ done )

27.   Television has many advantages. It keeps us ___ about the ___ news, and also provides entertainment at home. A. informed, latest 

B. to know, later   C. learning, later    D. to think, latest

28.   The manager promised to keep me _________ (inform) of how our business was going on.  

29.   I’m really sorry ___________ (keep) you ____________ (wait) for such a long time.

keep+宾语+doing/ done

 

30.   All the peace-loving people are against America’s bombing Iraq. They think Bush is lifting a stone ___ it ___ on his own feet.

A. only to have, dropping      B. to have, dropping 

C. only to have, dropped     D. having, dropped

31.   He had his leg _________ (break) when he fell off his motorbike.

32.   She won’t have her long and beautiful hair _________ (cut) short.

33.   You shouldn’t have the children __________ (make) so much noise. I’m trying to get to sleep, for I’ll have to get up early tomorrow.

34.   Mother had me __________ (go) to the shop and _________(buy) some salt for her.

The peasant had the tractor ___________ (work) day and night at the harvest time.

35.   He was arrested because he had something ___ with the accident.

A. done  B. to do  C. doing  D. do

36.   The manager has had some problems ___ whether they should borrow money from the bank.

A. to decide  B. deciding  C. decided  D. having decided

have +宾语+ do sth. = make +宾语+ do sth. = get +宾语+ to do sth.

have+宾语+doing sth. = keep+宾语+ doing使/一直做

=听任某人做某事/某事发生

have +宾语+ done = make/ get +宾语+ done使(自己/他人)

= 遭受某种损失

let +宾语+ do sth.               let +宾语+ done

send sb. to do sth去做     send sb. doing sth 使得

set sb./ sth. doing/ thinking/ wondering/ going/…使做,使处某状态

37.   Yesterday Tom was seen ___ heavily before his teammates arrived at practice.  A. sweated   B. to be sweated  C. sweating  D. to sweat

38.   – Why he was fined? – He happened to ___ several flowers in the park.

A. see to pick  B. be seen picking  C. be seen to pick  D. be seen pick

39.   – We beat Class Four in the match, you know.

– Yes. I saw you ___, but what’s the score?

A. play  B. playing  C. played  D. to play

40.   ___ all the tests, she felt a great weight ___ off her mind.

A. Having passed, taken     B. to pass, taking 

C. Passing, taken            D. Being passed, to be taken

41.   A cook will be immediately fired if he is found ___ in the kitchen.

A. smoke  B. smoking  C. to smoke  D. smoked

42.   The two scientists have discovered 65 of the more than 100 planets ___ orbiting other stars.

A. have been found  B. have found  C. to be found  D. found

43.   When he came to, he found himself ___ in the hospital.

A. laying  B. lay  C. lie  D. lying

44.   When he got off the bus, he found his pocket ___.

A. stolen  B. picked  C. gone  D. missing

45.   To their great fear, they found ___ in the heaviest snowfall they had ever had.                 A. they were catching  B. themselves caught  

C. they had caught  D. themselves catching

 

46.   To his great surprise, he found his hometown greatly __________ (change).

     听观感使让帮+宾语+ do sth. = be +听观感-ed to do sth

听观感使让帮/find+宾语+doing sth. = be +听观感-ed doing sth    

听观感使让帮/find+宾语+ done

吾(五)看五室(使)两厅(听)一感觉

五看:see, observe, notice, watch, pay attention to,

五使:make/ have/ keep/ get/ let

两听:listen to, hear 一感觉:feel

47.   He is often heard __________ (sing) this English song.

48.   I don’t want any bad words _________ (say) about him behind his back.

49.   The foolish emperor ordered the invisible cloth __________ (weave) at once.

50.   The price is fine with me. How would you like it ________ (pay)?

(1) Vt. + O. + to do sth. :  expect, wish, advise, allow, ask, beg, cause, encourage, forbid, force, intend, invite, like, love, order, persuade, prefer, require, teach, tell, warn, want

(2) Vt. + O. + (to be) done  :  want/ order/ would like

51.   After a few rounds of talks, both sides regarded the territory dispute ___.

A. being settled  B. to b settled  C. had settled  D. as settled

Vt. + O. + as + V.-ed/ being…/ n./ adj.:  regard/ consider/ think of/

keep/ have/ treat/ know/ look on/ look upon/…

52.   He looked around and caught a man ___ his hand into the pocket of a passenger.  A. put  B. to be putting  C. to put  D. putting

53.   Prices of daily goods ___ through a computer can be lower than store prices. A. are bought  B. bought  C. been bought  D. buying

54.   Linda worked for the Minnesota Manufacturing and Mining company, ___ as 3M.  A. know  B. known  C. being known  D. to be known

55.   Swan (天鹅) Lake is a famous ballet in four acts, ___ on a German fairy tale. A. basing  B. based  C. bases  D. to base

56.   Solar power is power ___ energy from the sun. A. producing used 

B. produced using  C. produced used  D. producing using

57.   Her ___ wealth is in fact a very small sum.

A. supposing  B. supposed  C. to suppose  D. suppose

58.   The bridge __________ (complete) 50 years ago ___________ (knock) down last year.

59.   The building ____________ (build) now will be our new library.

60.   If the building project ___ by the end of this month is delayed, the construction company will be fined.

A. being completed  B. is completed  C. to be completed D. completed

61.   It remains a question when the new classroom building ___.

A. has been completed      B. will be completed

C. is completed           D. completes

62.   Frightened by the bullets ___, the fellow hid his head in the bushes, ___.

A. whistled, leaving his body exposed  

B. whistling by, leaving his body exposed

C. whistled, left his body exposed 

D. was whistled by, and left his body exposing

63.   The bird flu ___ through Asia has jumped from birds to humans at least 20 times so far, ___ 16.   A. sweeps, kills 

B. swept, killing  C. sweeping, to kill  D. sweeping, killing

64.   With online course Crazy English has over 20 million students all over China ___ the class through Internet.

A. attend  B. attended  C. attending  D. to be attending

65.   How many of us ___, say, a meeting that is unimportant to us would be interested in the discussion?

A. attended  B. attending  C. to attend  D. have attended

66.   Tom looked at Jenny, tears ___ his eyes, and shouted out the words ___ in his heart for years.  A. filling, having been hidden 

B. filled, hidden    C. filling, hidden     D. filled, hiding

67.   The speech which he made ___ the football match bored a lot of fans to death.

A. being concerned  B. be concerned  C. concerned  D. concerning

68.   Reading is an experience quite different from watching TV; there are pictures ___ in your mind instead of before your eyes.

A. to form  B. form  C. forming  D. having formed

69.   Would you please lend me a pen ___?

A. to write  B. writing with  C. to write with  D. for writing

 

n. + to do +介词:n.是介词的宾语时,

介词不可遗漏,但time/ place/ way例外

70.   He admires Yang Liwei, the first astronaut of China _________ (send) into space. All he wants to do now is ________ (work) hard from now on.

71.   It is a pity for you _________ (miss) such a good chance _________ (study) abroad. Good chances, once _________ (miss) will never return again, you know.

做定语时:to do:未做                 to be done:未被做

doing:正在做(/经常做)       being done:正在被做

done 已被做;被做

做宾补时:to do 未做       doing:正在做      done:被做

二、位于句首(主语,插入语,原因/时间/条件/让步/目的状语)

72.   ___ my teacher, after all thirty years in Boston, was an unforgettable moment, ___ I will always treasure.

A. To meet, one  B. To meet, it  C. Meeting, it  D. Meeting, one

73.   ___ hardly made Allan pay attention to ___ his mistakes.

A. Scolding, correcting         B. Being scolded, correct 

C. Being scolded, correcting      D. Having been scolded, correct

74.   ______ (say) is easier than _______ (do).

 

主语与表语要一致,比较双方要一致

75.   ___, they decided to get someone else to continue the work.

A. Given out  B. Giving out  C. To give out  D. Give out

76.   ___ from his twin at birth, he didn’t know he had a brother until he was 20.

A. Separate  B. Separating  C. Separated  D. Been separated

77.   ___ a good child and I’ll give you some chocolates and candies.

A. Be  B. To be  C. Being  D. If you are

78.   ___ such heavy pollution already, it may now be too late to clean up the river. A. Having suffered  B. Suffering  C. To suffer  D. Suffered

79.   ___ from heart trouble for years, Professor White has to take some medicine with him wherever he goes.

A. Suffered  B. Suffering  C. Having suffered  D. Being suffered

80.   The manager, ___ his factory’s products were poor in quality, decided to give his workers further training.

A. knowing  B. known  C. to know  D. being known

81.   ___ where to go, he asked a policeman the way.

A.      Having lost his way and not knowing

B.      Losing his way and didn’t know

C.      Lost his way and not knowing

D.     Lost his way and didn’t know

82.   Mr. Smith, ___ of the ___ speech, started to read the novel.

A. tired, boring  B. tiring, bored  C. tiered, bored  D. tiring, boring

83.   ___ by the beauty of nature, the girl from London decided to spend another two days on the farm.

A. Attracting  B. Attracted  C. To be attracted  D. Having attracted

84.   Having no money but ___ to know, he simply said he would go without dinner. A. no to want anyone   B. wanted no one  

C. not wanting anyone       D. to want no one

85.   ___ to give up smoking, he threw away his ___ cigarettes.

A. Determined, remained    B. Determined, remaining 

C. Determining, remained   D. Determining, remaining

86.   The prisoner, ___ the guard and run away, was caught and ___.

A. killing, hanged         B. having killed, hung 

C. having killed, hanged     D. killing, hang

87.   ___ the earth to be flat, many feared that Columbus would fall off the edge of the earth.

A. Having believed  B. Believing  C. Believed  D. To believe

88.   ___ ­­­the distance was too far and the time was short, we decided to fly there instead of going there by train.

A. Discovering  B. To discover  C. To have discovered  D. Discovered

89.   ___ all the tests, she felt a great weight ___ off her mind.

A. Having passed, taken     B. to pass, taking 

C. Passing, taken           D. Being passed, to be taken

90.   Alan, ___ home very late from his job, found an angry wife waiting for him at breakfast. A. returning  B. returned  C. to return D. had returned

91.   Having been attacked by terrorists, ___.

A. doctors came to their rescue      B. the tall building collapsed 

C. an emergency measure was taken  D. warnings were given to tourists

92.   – Dear Frank, when will our wedding be?

– “Ah, when? God knows!” he said, and ___ away from her, walked rapidly away. A. turning   B. turned   C. turn   D. to turn

93.   – Where have you been all day?

– We ___ some beautiful children and we couldn’t get away from them until it was dark. A. met  B. meet  C. have met  D. have been met

94.   He raised his gun, pointed it at a bear and ___ aim, shot at it.

A. took careful  B. taking careful  C. to take careful  D. taken careful 

95.   The old man, ___ abroad for twenty years, is on the way back to his motherland.

A. to work  B. working  C. to have worked  D. having worked

96.   ___, we were taken to see the library.

A. We had been shown the classroom    B. Being shown the classrooms

C. Having been shown the classrooms  D. Having shown the classrooms

97.   ___ late in the morning, Bob turned off the alarm clock.

A. To sleep  B. Sleeping  C. sleep  D. Having slept

98.   ___ at a college or university in the USA, Chinese and other international students must demonstrate a strong ability in spoken and written English.

A. Having been accepted       B. To be accepted 

C. Being accepted            D. accepted

99.   ___ lose his job, the driver has been keeping silence about the accident.

A. In order not to  B. So as to not  C. In order to not  D. So as not to

100.  Helen had to shout ___ above the sound of the music.

A. making herself hear       B. to make herself hear 

C. making herself heard      D. to make herself heard

101.  ___ his age, he did it quite well, so don’t ___ him any more.

A. Given, blame       B. Considered, say 

C. To regard, scold     D. Considering, speak

102.  ___ blood if you can and many lives will be saved.

A. Giving  B. Give  C. Given  D. To give

103.  English has a large vocabulary, hasn’t it? – Yes. ___ more words and expressions and you will find it easier to read and communicate.

A. Know  B. Knowing  C. To know  D. Known

104.  The performance of the host, ___ to please the audience and draw their attention, was greeted with a cold silence, however.

A. had intended  B. intended  C. intending  D. to intend

105.  – What happened to you on your way back to the hotel last night?

- I lost my way in complete darkness and, ___ things worse, it began to pour. A. making  B. to make  C. having made  D. made

106.  ___ from what he said, he is one of the ___ at the boxing match. He is going to ___ the first match.

A. Judged, judges, judge      B. Judgment, judges, judge 

C. Judging, judges, judge     D. Judge, judgment, judge

 

    非谓语动词在句首时:

(1) 标志------逗号:作主语时往往无逗号

作状语时往往有逗号

(2) 现在/过去分词作:原因/时间/条件/让步状语

    不定式作:      目的/原因(happy/gladadj.)/(条件)状语

(3) 非谓语动词与主语构成

主动关系时用:to do,        having done,          doing

    动宾关系时用:to be done,   having been done,    (being done)

(4) 非谓语动词作插入语:

不定式:to tell the truth, to be frank, to be honest, to begin with, to be exact/ precise, to make a long story short, to be short

现在分词:generally speaking, frankly speaking, considering, judging from/ by

过去分词:judged by, given……

三、位于句末(结果/伴随/方式/目的状语)

107.  – Which materials can be thrown into the sea ___ on the nature of them?

– Sorry, I have no idea.

A. depends  B. depended  C. depending  D. to depend

108.  Nearly all the streets are in straight lines, ___ from east to west. Those ___ run from north to south are called avenues.

A. running, that  B. run, who  C. running, who  D. run, that

109.  After his journey from abroad, Richard Jones returned home, ___.

A. exhausting  B. exhausted  C. being exhausted  D. having exhausted

110.  Suddenly, a tall man driving a golden carriage ___ the girl and took her away, ___ into the woods. A. seizing, disappeared  B. seized, disappeared  C. seizing, disappearing   D. seized, disappearing

111.  The bird flu ___ through Asia has jumped from birds to humans at least 20 times so far, ___ 16.   A. sweeps, kills 

B. swept, killing  C. sweeping, to kill  D. sweeping, killing

112.  It has rained nonstop for ten days, completely ___ our holiday.

A. to ruin  B. ruined  C. having ruined  D. ruining

113.  At the end of 2002, there were around 3,000 foreign printing companies in China, ___ up around 2 percent of national total.

A. made  B. to make  C. making  D. having made

114.  I stayed up very late yesterday, _________ (prepare) my speech.

115.  I got up very early this morning _________ (prepare) breakfast for my family.  

116.  I must thank my parents ___ to be a college student.

A. to make it possible for me      B. to make it possible to me

C. for making it possible for me  D. for making it possible of me

117.  He sat back on the chair, took a book and began to read, ___.

A. being looked at ease   B. looked rather at ease 

C. to look rather at ease   D. looking rather at ease

118.  He went to bed, ___, and when he woke up he found he still had his shoes on. A. drinking  B. being drunk  C. drunk  D. having drunk 

119.  The news reporters hurried to the airport, only ___ the film stars had left.

A. to tell  B. to be told  C. telling  D. told

120.  A middle-aged woman came ___ to the bus stop only ___ the bus had gone. A. to run, to find       B. running, to find 

C. and ran, finding        D. running, finding

121.  All the peace-loving people are against America’s bombing Iraq. They think Bush is lifting a stone ___ it ___ on his own feet.

A. only to have, dropping      B. to have, dropping 

C. only to have, dropped     D. having, dropped

122.  The driver turned his car sharply to the left to give the way to the running bull only ___ into a tree by the road.

A. to knock  B. knocking  C. being knocked   D. knocked

123.  He tried many times to crawl over the fence after evening class, ___ each time by the guards in our school.

A. being caught  B. to be catching  C. only to be caught  D. catching

124.  Lily’s mobile phone was left in a taxi accidentally, never ___ again.

A. to find  B. to be found  C. finding  D. being found

125.  They said goodbye to each other, never ___.

A. to meet  B. to be met  C. meeting  D. being met   

126.  He is too young __________ (send) far away from home.

(too… to do sth.   … enough to do sth   so/ such … as to do sth.)

127.  It Is believed that if a book is ___, it will surely ___ the reader.

A. interested, interest       B. interesting, be interested 

C. interested, be interesting  D. interesting, interest

128.  I walked out of the cinema, ___ I’d never come back to this hell of a place.

A. determining  B. determined  C. to determine  D. determine

129.  – Really nice ___ you. I’m going to miss you.

- Don’t forget to give me a ring, will you?

A. knows  B. to know  C. to have known  D. knew

130.  – Glad ___, John. – Bye, Mary, ___!

A. to meet you, keep up with        B. to meet you, keep out 

C. to have met you, keep in touch   D. to have met you, keep me off

(be sorry/ glad/ nice/ happy/ excited/ surprised/ …to do/ to have done sth.)

非谓语动词在句末作状语:

(1) 与主语构成     主动关系时用:to do,         doing

                       动宾关系时用:to be done,    done

(2) doing/ done    表示伴随、方式、结果

   to do/ to be done:表示目的、结果(only/ never to… too…to… enough to…so/ such…as to …, …)

(3) 标志------逗号:doing/ done前往往有逗号

to do/ to be done 前逗号可有可无

    (4) 除了在句末作伴随、结果或方式状语外(只用doing doneto do to be done ),表示先于谓语动词发生的用非谓语动词都用其完成式形式(having donehaving been done不作定语)

     (5) 在句首作状语时having been done = done

四、不定式的复合形式

131.  It’s impolite ___ a student ___ his teacher.

A. for a student, not to greet     B. of a student, to not greet 

C. for a student, to not greet      D. of a student, not to greet

132.  When his mother entered his room, he pretended ___________ (work) hard at his lessons.

133.  Do let your mother know the truth. She appears ___ everything.

A. to tell  B. to be told  C. to be telling  D. to have been told  

134.  The bank is reported in the local newspaper ___ in broad daylight yesterday.   A. being robbed            B. having been robbed 

C. to have been robbed      D. robbed

135.  – Li Ming is said ___ abroad. Do you know which country he studied in? – Yes, in Britain. A. to have studied  B. to study 

C. to be studying   D. to have been studying

136.  Wang Hua is said ___ a new computer programme recently, but I don’t know when she will finish it. A. to design   B. to be designing 

C. to have been designing              D. to have designed

137.  Zhang Hong is said ___ by heart 2000 words up to now.

A. that she has learned  B. to have learned 

C. to learn            D. having learned

138.  – Why he was fined? – He happened to ___ several flowers in the park.

A. see to pick  B. be seen picking  C. be seen to pick  D. be seen pick

139.  I don’t know whether you happen ___ about it, but I’m going to study in the USA this September.

A. to be heard  B. to be hearing  C. to hear  D. to have heard

happen/ seem/ appear/ pretend + to be/ to be doing/ to have done  

be said/ reported/ known/ …Vt.-ed +to be/ to be doing/ to have done

140.  You were silly not ___ your car.

A. to lock  B. to have locked  C. locking D. having locked

141.  However hard the situation is, the fact ought ___ the people who are most concerned.

A. be kept  B. be kept from  C. to be kept  D. to be kept from

142.  The party was successful, but we thought it a pity not ___ you.

A. invite  B. to invite  C. inviting  D. to have invited 

143.  It is the greatest happiness on earth ___.  

A. loving and to be loved      B. to love and being loved

C. to love and to be loved     D. love and be loved

144.  The school was so badly designed that it had to ___.

  A. pull down  B. be pulled down  C. pulled down  D. be pulling down

不定式的复合形式:      

(1) 时态和语态,肯定与否定  

主动态                   被动态

一般式:       (not) to do              (not) to be done

一般进行式: (not) to be doing

完成式:     (not) to have done        (not) to have been done

完成进行式:(not) to have been doing

(2) 逻辑主语:通常在to前加for sb.…   

但在句型It is + n./ adj. + (for/ of sb.) to do sth.中可能在to前加for sbof sb. to …,这取决于作表语的形容词

A.     同时表示人的性格特征和行为特征的adj.of sb.: clever/ wise/ bright/ foolish/ silly/ stupid/ polite/ / rude/ honest /

good manners/ cruel/ thoughtful/ considerate/…

B.  for sb.: easy/ hard/ difficult/ (un)necessary/ (un)important/ 

(im)possible/ …

五、动名词的复合形式 

145.  ___ the meeting himself gave them a great deal of encouragement.

A. The president will attend  B. The president to attend

C. The president attended    D. The president’s attending

146.  ___ in an atmosphere of simple living was what her parents wished for.

A. The girl was educated    B. The girl being educated 

C. The girl’s educating      D. The girl’s being educated

147.  The discovery of new evidence led to ___. A. the thief having caught 

B. catch the thief  C. the thief being caught  D. the thief to be caught

148.  ___ my teacher, after all thirty years in Boston, was an unforgettable moment, ___ I will always treasure.

A. To meet, one  B. To meet, it  C. Meeting, it  D. Meeting, one

149.  ___ made all of them much disappointed.  A. Her not coming back

B. Her not to come back  C. Not her returning  D. Not her being back

150.  Victor apologized for ___ to inform me of the change in the plan.

A. his being not able      B. him not to be able 

C. his not being able     D. him to be not able

151.  ___ hardly made Allan pay attention to ___ his mistakes.

A. Scolding, correcting         B. Being scolded, correct 

C. Being scolded, correcting      D. Having been scolded, correct

152.  ___ at the office, Mr. Green found the papers prepared for his boss were left at home.

A. To arrive  B. On arriving  C. As arriving  D. While arrived

153.  After ___ for the job, you will be required to take a language test.

A. being interviewed      B. interviewed 

C. interviewing           D. having interviewed

154.  ___ to sunlight for too much will do harm to one’s skin. A. Exposed 

B. Having exposed  C. Being exposed  D. After being exposed

155.  – Come on. Mary! What’s up? – My brother. I have just heard the news of   ___ from that good job.

A. his having fired  B. his firing  C. his having been fired  D. his fired

动名词的复合形式:      

(1)    逻辑主语:

动名词在句中作主语:   Tom’s/    my/    our/…+ -ing

动名词在句中作宾语:Tom’s/ Tom/ my/ me/ our/ us…+ -ing

(2) 时态和语态,肯定与否定  

主动态                   被动态

一般式:       (主语) (not) doing        (主语) (not) being done

完成式:  (主语) (not) having done (主语) (not) to having been done

完成进行式:(主语) (not) having been doing

六、不定式和动名词

156.  In some parts of London, missing a bus means ___ for another hour.

A. waiting   B. to wait  C. wait  D. to be waiting  

157.  There is a man at the reception desk who seems very angry and I think he means ___ trouble.

A. making  B. to make  C. to have made  D. having made

mean doing/ to do sth.         try doing/ to do sth. 

go on doing/ to do sth.         stop doing/ to do sth.  

can’t help doing/ to do sth/ do   help (to) do       help sb. (to) do

158.  - It is no good __________(stay) up too late every day. I mean, it not good ___________ (stay) up too late at night.

It is/ was no good/ use doing sth. 是没好/用处的

= It is/ was not any good/ use doing sth.

= It is/ was of no good/ use doing sth.

It is useless doing sth.

It is not good to do sth. 是不好的

159.  After looking after children for her neighbor, the old lady regretted ___ in her youth.             A. not to get married 

B. not getting married  C. to not get married  D. getting not married

forget/ remember/ regret doing sth. / having done sth….做过

forget/ remember/ regret to do sth…未做过

regret to have done sth. = regret doing/ having done sth. ….做过

160.  As I will be away for at least a year, I’d appreciate ___ from you now and then ___ me how everyone is getting along.

A. hearing, tell  B. to hear, tell  C. hearing, telling  D. to hear, to tell

 

(1) Vt./ prep. + doing sth.:

A. admit, avoid, consider, delay, enjoy, escape, excuse, finish, imagine, keep, mind, miss, practise, risk, suggest, can’t stand/ tolerate,

B. give up, feel like, put off, set about,

C. be busy (in) doing,        spend time/ money (in) doing, 

waste time (in) doing,

have trouble/ difficulty/ problems (in)doing sth.,

have a good/ wonderful/ hard/ difficult time (in) doing sth.

There is no point (in) doing sth. 做某事是没道理/作用/用处的

There is no telling/ knowing/ arguing/ mistaking/ …没法说/知道

be engaged in doing sth.

(2) Vt. + to do sth.:

would like, afford, attempt, choose, long, offer, agree, ask, decide, expect, fail, hope, manage, promise, pretend, plan, intend, refuse, wish, set out

 

161.  To our surprise, the painting considered ___ should have won the prize.

A. copying B. having copied C. to have been copied D. to have copied

162.  The school forbids _______ (smoke). That is, the students in this school are forbidden ________ (smoke).

(1) advise/ allow/ permit/ forbid/ consider/ imagine doing sth. 

(2) advise/ allow/ permit/ forbid/ consider/ imagine +sb.+ to do sth.

= be + V-ed + to do sth.

七、不定式的省略

163.  Tom wanted to play football with his friend in the street, but his father told him ___. A. not to  B. not to do  C. not do it  D. do not to

164.  – Tom, did Mr. Li join you in the discussion? – No, he ___, but he happened to have fallen ill.

A. would like to  B. will  C. was to have  D. was going to join

165.  Sandy could do nothing but ___ to his teacher that he was wrong.

A. admit  B. admitted  C. admitting  D. to admit

166.  – Did you forget to mention my name or fear something when you applied   

for an instructor?

– I meant ___, but they ___ favorites of the people in power.

A. to have mentioned, were    B. to have, are 

C. mentioning, have been      D. to have been mentioned, had been 

不定式省略时保留到以下词为止:to, to be, to have, to have been

固定句型:why not do, why do, let go, would rather do, had better,

how come

167.  He has been writing the composition the whole morning and he still.

A. has been   B. does   C. has   D. is

168.  As the manager was out, we had no choice but ________ (wait).

169.  She was so sad that she couldn’t help _________ (cry).

170.  Everyone wanted her to sing a song, so she couldn’t (help) but _________ (obey) them.

171.  I’m sorry I really can’t help ________ (do) the housework.

172.  With his attention ___ on the problem and his eyes ____ at the ceiling, he sat there, deep in thought.

A. fixing, looking  B. fixed, looking  C. fixed, fixed  D. fixing, fixing

173.  I really appreciate ___ to relax with you on this nice island.

A. to have had time  B. having time  C. to have time  D. to having time

八、易混淆动词/句型

174.  Mr. Reed made up his mind to devote all he had to ___ some schools for poor children. A. set up  B. setting up  C. have set up  D. having set up

175.  The discovery of new evidence led to ___.     A. the thief having caught 

B. catch the thief  C. the thief being caught  D. the thief to be caught

176.  ___ hardly made Allan pay attention to ___ his mistakes.

A. Scolding, correcting          B. Being scolded, correct 

C. Being scolded, correcting      D. Having been scolded, correct

177.  Though I used to ___ rude, I’m not used to___ to rudely.

A. be, being spoken      B. be, be spoken 

C. being, speak          D. being,  speaking

178.  Everyone here will thank the firefighters for the things that have done to prevent fires ___ the environment safer.

A. make  B. to making  C. to make  D. from making

179.  He is looking forward to ___ what is happening over there.

A. see  B. seeing  C. seen  D. saw 

180.  The visiting professor ___ giving lectures to students ___ invited to meeting at a time.       A. preferred to, rather than 

B. preferred, than being  C. preferred, to be  D. preferred, to being

181.  The day he was looking forward to ____ at last.

A. come  B. coming  C. is coming  D. came

介词todevote one’s time/ life/ energy to…, be devoted to,

be get used to, get down to着手做, lead to, look forward to, stick to坚持, object to反对, prefer…to…, be opposed to反对, pay attention to, come to谈到, 苏醒,turn to转向做某事,求助于

182.  Does the way you thought of ___ the water clean make any sense?

A. making  B. to make  C. how to make  D. having made

183.  – Does anyone want an extra ticket to go to the party?

– Who would you rather ___, George or me?

A. have to go  B. have go  C. have gone  D. have going 

184.  The managers discussed the plan ___ they would like to see ___ the next year.             A. that, carried out 

B. /, it carried out  C. that, carrying out  D. /, it carrying out

185.  I know Jack spends at least as much time reading as he does ___.

A. does writing  B. is writing  C. writes  D. does to write

186.  Do you like to do ___ you can ___ your friends? A. what, help 

B. no matter what, to help  C. whatever, to help  D. whatever, helping

187.  Mrs. Brown was much disappointed to see the washing machine she had ___ two days ago went wrong again.

A. it repaired  B. to be repaired  C. repair  D. repaired

188.  I’d rather have a room of my own, however small it is, than ___ a room with someone else. A. share  B. to share  C. sharing  D. to have shared

189.  Which do you enjoy ___ your spare time, playing cards at home or taking a walk in the park?

A. spending  B. to spend  C. having spent  D. to have spent

190.  – Why are they pulling down the houses? – ____ a new parking lot.

A. Build  B. To build  C. Building  D. Built

191.  – What made Tony so upset? – I believe ___ the game. It shocked him so much. A. for losing  B. lost  C. losing  D. because of losing

192.  During the exams we are supposed to stay in our seats, keep our eyes on our work, ___ to anyone. A. instead of speaking 

B. rather than speak    C. and not speak     D. but would not talk

193.  Having a trip abroad is certainly good for the old couple, but it remains ___ whether they will enjoy it.

A. to see  B. to be seen  C. seeing  D. seen

194.  With little time ___, you should decide what you are going to do with the ___dollars as soon as possible. A. left, left  B. to go, remaining  

C. remaining, remained  D. remaining, left

195.  The couple went back to the palace to look for the ___ necklace.

A. missed  B. gone  C. lost  D. losing

196.  When ___ with the size of the whole earth, the biggest ocean does not seem big at all.

A. Compare  B. When comparing  C. Comparing  D. When compared

197.  ___ the biggest ocean with the size of the whole earth, you will find it not big at all.

A. Compare  B. When comparing  C. Compared  D. When compared

198.  ___ the biggest ocean with the size of the whole earth, and you will find it not big at all.

A. Compare  B. When comparing  C. Comparing  D. When compared

199.  Trapped in a _________ (burn) building, the _________ (frighten) girl shouted for help in a ___________ (frighten) voice.

200.  Looking at the _________ (frighten) look of the robber, the girl took on a __________ (frighten) look.

(1) Vi.-ing正在/即将...的        Vi.-ed已经...的:

burning/ burnt, fallen/ falling, boiling/ boiled, developing/ developed, returning/ returned, advanced,

(2) Vt.-ed指人, 感到...的excited/ interested/ surprised/ astonished/ amazed/ bored/ tired/ frightened/ puzzled/ disappointed/ …

Vt.-ing指物,令人...的exciting/ interesting/ surprising/ astonishing/ amazing/ boring/ tiring/ frightening/ puzzling/ disappointing/…

但:  a  -ing voice/ look/ expression令人...的声音/表情

a  -ed voice/ look/ expression...的声音/表情

a disappointed young man感到失望的年轻人

a disappointing young man令人失望的年轻人

/无可救要的年轻人

九、主动形式表示被动意义

201.  Do you think English too difficult _________ (learn)?

202.  Do you have anything ________ (buy) at the supermarket?

(1) sth. be + adj. + to do:  good/ bad/easy/ hard/ difficult/ light/

heavy/ fit/ suitable/ comfortable/ nice/ pleasant/ delicious/ …

(2) sth. be too… to do = sth. be too… to be done   

sth. be …enough to do = sth. be … enough to be done

sth. be so/ such… as to do = sth. be so/ such… as to be done

(3) There be sth. to do    There be sth. to be done

have sth. to do       have sth. to be done

too +adj./ adv. to do不表示否定意义 = very +adj./ adv. to do

(1)    表示心理状态的adj.: anxious, delighted, eager, easy, glad, kind,   

pleased, ready, surprised, willing

(2)    not/ never/ only/ all/ but + too… to do

203.  The flowers ___ sweet in the botanic garden attract the visitors to the beauty of nature. A. to smell  B. smelling  C. smelt  D. to be smelt

204.  ___ good, the food was soon sold out.

A. Tasted  B. Being tasted  C. Tasting  D. Having tasted

205.  I want to buy that kind of cloth because I ___ the ___ well.

A. have told, washes      B. have been told, washes 

C. was told, washed       D. have been told, is washed

206.  – Is that the laundry? I have some clothes ___.

– Leave them in your room, please, and we’re going to fetch them soon.

A. to wash  B. to be washed  C. washed  D. washing

207.  I’m going to the supermarket this afternoon. Do you have anything ___?

A. to be buying  B. to buy  C. for buying  D. bought

208.  – How do you find you new manager? – He is easy ___.

A. got along with  B. to get on with  C. to get along  D. got along

209.  Who do you think ___ for the accident?

A. is blamed  B. is to blame  C. is to be blamed  D. is about to blame

210.  – Anything interesting in today’s newspaper? – There’s nothing worth ___.

(/ There’s nothing worthy ____.)

A. to be read  B. of being read  C. reading it  D. reading

sth. be worth doing = sth. be worthy to be done/ of being done

= It is worthwhile doing/ to do sth.

211.  Your room needs ___.

A. clean  B. cleaning  C. to clean  D. being cleaning

 

(1) feel摸起来/ sound听起来/ look看起来/ smell闻起来/ taste尝起来 prove/ turn out被证明

(2) 表示性质:wash/ write/ sell well      write smoothly

tear/ open/ shut/ close/ lock/ cut easily

    (3) 不定式作定语或是在with的复合结构中,与它前面的名词构成动宾关系时,若句中出现不定式动作执行者,不定式要以主动形式表示被动意义

(4) 需要sth. need/ require/ want to be done= sth. need/ require/ want doing

十、省略

212.  When first ___ to the market, these products enjoyed great success.

A. introducing   B. introduced  C. introduce  D. being introduced

213.  When ___, the museum will be open to the public next year.

A. completed   B. completing  C. being completed  D. to be completed

214.  Generally speaking, ___ according to the directions, the drug has no side effect.

A. when taking  B. when taken  C. when to take  D. when to be taken

215.  A Brazilian mask maker has finished two models of masks of Iraq ex-president Saddam Hussein, one of him in power and one of him when ___ by US soldiers. A. caught  B. catching  C. to be caught  D. to catch

216.  When ___ to work this morning, he knocked down an old lady.

A. driven  B. drove  C. drive  D. driving

217.  When ___ to Jane ten years later, we could ___ recognize her. She had changed so much for working ___ on the farm.

A. being introduced, hardly, hard     B. introducing, hardly, hard

C. introduced, hardly, hard         D. introduced, hardly, hardly

218.  It is impolite of you not to look at the other person while ___.

A. talked  B. talking  C. talk  D. you talking

219.  Please drop in at my house if ___ convenient.

A. you are  B. it will be  C. /  D. is

220.  Taking this kind of medicine, if ___, will surely produce side effect.

A. continue  B. having continued  C. continuing  D. continued

221.  I’ll appreciate ___ you give me a reply as soon as ___ possible.

A. it if, /  B. if, /  C. it that, it is  D. if, is

222.  I won’t go to his birthday party unless ___ ahead of time.

A. I’m not invited  B. invited  C. won’t be invited  D. will be invited

223.  He is difficult to make friends with, but the friendship of his ___ is stronger than any other’s.

A. once to gain  B. once gaining  C. once gained  D. while gaining

224.  The research is so designed that once ___ nothing can be done to change it. A. begins  B. having begun  C. beginning  D. begun

225.  The man we followed suddenly stopped and looked as if ___ whether he was going in the right direction.

A. seeing  B. having seen  C. to have seen  D. to see

226.  Mr. Black, ___ born in Kentucky, lived and practiced law in Missouri.

A. was  B. he was  C. although  D. who he was

227.  ___ told to stop, the excited children kept on talking in class, so I got angry. A. As  B. When  C. While  D. Though  

228.  The special medicine for the disease was difficult to find though ___ everywhere.

A. sought  B. having sought  C. being sought  D. having been sought

229.  Now matter how frequently ___, the works of Laoshe always attract large audience.

A. performed  B. performing  C. to perform  D. to be performed

 

时间、条件、让步状语从句的主语若与主句主语相同或是it,同时谓语含be时,可省略从句中的主语和be,常见的有:

(1) 时间连词(when)、条件连词(if/ once/ unless)、让步连词(though/ although/ no matter when/ no matter how/…) + done

(2) 时间连词(when/ while) + doing

(3)    时间连词(as soon as)、条件连词(if) + adj. (possible/ necessary/ convenient/…)

(4)    as if + to do sth.

 

十一、动词的习惯用法

230.  The student lay on the grassland with his hands ___ behind his head and eyes ___.           A. crossed, close 

B. crossing, closing  C. crossing, closed        D. crossed, closed

231.  ___ his health ___, he could go on with his experiment.

A.      Since, improving     B. For, improved 

C. With, improving      D. With, improved

232.  – Do you know about the Road Traffic Safety Law?

– Of course. It went into effect in May and Traffic safety in our city ___ since.           A. improved       B. has improved 

C. had improved   D. will have improved

233.  ___ with a difficult situation, Arnold decided to ask his boss for advice.

A. To face  B. Having faced  C. Faced  D. Facing

234.  ___ with such great difficulty, Jack felt at a loss ___.

A. Facing, what to say      B. Faced, what to say 

C. Having faced, how to tell  D. Being faced, how to speak

235.  Nearly every great building in Beijing was built ___ south.

A. to face  B. facing  C. to have faced  D. being facing

236.  The visiting professor ___ give lectures to students ___ invited to meeting at a time.              

A. preferred to, to being        B. preferred , than being 

C. preferred, to be            D. preferred to, rather than be

prefer to do / doing sth.      (would) prefer sb. to do sth.

prefer doing… to doing… = prefer to do… rather than do…)

237.  If you are planning to spend your money having fun this week, better ___ it ––– you’ve got some big bills coming.

A. forget  B. forgot  C. forgetting  D. to forget

238.  No one had told Mr. Smith about ___ a lecture the following day.

A. there being  B. there be  C. there would be  D. there was

239.  The students expected there ___ more reviewing classed before the final exams.  A. is  B. to be  C. being  D. have been

240.  The two presidents agree with each other on the whole, but much remains ___ at the following meeting.

A. discussing  B. discussed  C. to discuss  D. to be discussed

241.  – Why did you stop buying things from this shop?

– I caught him___ me.

A. cheating  B. cheat  C. to cheat  D. to be cheating

242.  Having been ill for nearly a month, he had a hard time ___ the exam.

A. pass  B. to pass  C. passed  D. passing

243.  I know Jack spends at least as much time reading as he does ___.

A. does writing  B. is writing  C. writes  D. does to write

244.  The manager has had some problems ___ whether they should borrow money from the bank.

A. to decide  B. deciding  C. decided  D. having decided

245.  The man insisted ___ a taxi for me even though I told him I lived nearby.

A. find  B. to find  C. on finding  D. in finding

246.  He got wet all over, so I ___ his clothes, but he insisted he ___ his work first. A. insisted he changed, finished  B. insisted on his changing, finish

C. insisted on his changing, finished   D. insisted he change, finished

247.  ___ all over the hills and around the lake are wild flowers of all kinds.

A. To grow  B. Growing  C. Grown  D. Grow

248.  The performance of the host, ___ to please the audience and draw their attention, was greeted with a cold silence, however.

A. had intended  B. intended  C. intending  D. to intend

249.  Swan (天鹅) Lake is a famous ballet in four acts, ___ on a German fairy tale. A. basing  B. based  C. bases  D. to base

250.  I’d rather have a room of my own, however small it is, than ___ a room with someone else. A. share  B. to share  C. sharing  D. to have shared

251.  A middle-aged woman came ___ to the bus stop only ___ the bus had gone.

A. to run, to find       B. running, to find 

C. and ran, finding     D. running, finding

252.  The most popular food for foreigners ___ on any menu in Beijing is roast duck. A. include  B. including  C. to include  D. included

253.  – Can you give me the right answer?

– Sorry, I ___. Would you please repeat that question?  A. hadn’t listened 

B. wasn’t listening  C. haven’t listened  D. don’t listen

254.  – Hi, Maggie. –  Why, it’s you, Alice. I ___. A. hadn’t noticed 

B. didn’t notice  C. wasn’t noticing  D. am not noticing

255.  – I’ve bought a box of chocolate for our daughter.

– Oh, how good a dad! But she doesn’t like sweet things. ___ that?

A. Don’t you know      B. Haven’t you known 

C. Didn’t you know     C. Hadn’t you known

256.  – You’ve promised to go. Why aren’t you getting ready?

– I ___ you ___ me to go at once. A. haven’t realized, want 

B. didn’t realize, wanted C. don’t realize, want  D. don’t realize, wanted

257.  The computers made by their company sell best, but several years ago no one could have imagined the role in the market that they ___.

A. were playing  B. were to play  C. had played  D. played 

258.  You ___ for what you have done one day.  A. will be answered 

B. are to answer  C. are going to answer  D. are about to answer

259.  – Tomorrow ___ my birthday, I’d like you and Jane to come.

– I’m not sure if she ___ free.

A. will be, is  B. is going to be, is  C. is, is  D. is, will be

260.  Someone is knocking at the door. I ___ it.

A. will open  B. am going to open  C. am to open  D. am about to open

261.  I ___ when a man telephoned.

A. was to leave  B. was about to leave  C. would leave  D. have left

262.  My father ___ for Beijing next week.

A. leaves  B. is going to leave  C. is leaving  D. is about to leave

263.  The first time they ___, they fell in love.

A. meet  B. have met  C. had met  D. met

264.  The second time I ___ him was in the year 2000.

A. meet  B. have met  C. had met  D. met

265.  I ___ to Beijing ___ last year.

A. went, for the first time       B. went, the first time

C. have gone, for the first time    D. had gone, the first time

266.  This is the first time I ___ such a strange person.

    A. meet  B. have met  C. had met  D. met

267.  Remember to bring my book the next time you ___ here.

A. come   B. will come   C. have come   D. will have come

268.  The picture ___ on the wall is painted by my nephew. My father ___ it on the wall last week. A. hung, hung 

B. hanging, hung  C. hanged, hanged  D. hanging, hanged

269.  The prisoner, ___ the guard and run away, was caught and ___.

A. killing, hanged           B. having killed, hung 

C. having killed, hanged     D. killing, hang

270.  ___, they decided to get someone else to continue the work.

A. Given out  B. Giving out  C. To give out  D. Give out

271.  My money ___! I must go to the bank and draw some of my savings out before I’ve got none in hand.  A. has run out 

B. is running out    C. has been run out      D. is being run out

272.  He ___ he would be able to leave tomorrow, but it’s beginning to look difficult. A. hopes  B. was hoping  C. had hoped  D. hoped

 

had + hoped/ meant/ expected/ planned/ intended/ wanted表示过去未能实现的愿望、打算

 

273.  There was ___ second knock at the door. It was ___ second time I ___ that evening.  A. the, the, interrupted     B. a, a, was interrupted 

C. a, the, had been interrupted      D. the, a, was interrupted

274.  Now then, children, it’s time you ___.

A. washed and dressed      B. are washed and dressed 

C. will wash and dress       D. were washed and dressed

275.  I walked out of the cinema, ___ I’d never come back to this hell of a place.

A. determining  B. determined  C. to determine  D. determine

276.  As I joined the big crowd, I got ___ from my friends.

A. separated  B. spared  C. lost  D. missed

277.  The pilot asked all the passengers on board to remain ___ as the plane was making a landing.  A. seat  B. seating  C. seated  D. to be seating

278.  ___ to give up smoking, he threw away his ___ cigarettes.

A. Determined, remained    B. Determined, remaining 

C. Determining, remained   D. Determining, remaining

279.  – The English exam is not difficult, is it?

- ___. Even Tom ___ to the top students failed in it. A. Yes, belonged 

B. No, belonged  C. Yes, belonging  D. No, belonging

280.  I’m ___ a letter from him, ___ me good luck.  A. hoping for, expecting      B. expecting, to wish    C. wanting, wishing    D. expecting, wishing

281.  As ___, he was such a wicked man as to ___ his friend to fail in the competition. A. wished, wish   B. expected, hope 

C. expecting, expect         D. expected, wish

282.  She looks worried. How I wish that I ___ her the bad news.

A. not tell   B. do not tell   C. didn’t tell   D. hadn’t told

283.  My demand is that the information _________ (refer) to in my report ___________ (e-mail) to Mr. Brown without delay. 

284.  Taking this kind of medicine, if ___ (continue), will possibly do him harm.

285.  Which do you enjoy ____________ (spend) your holiday, staying at home or visiting your parents?

286.  If the building project ___________ (complete) by the end of this month ___________ (delay), the construction company ______________ (fine).

287.  It was __________ (play) computer games that cost the boy a lot of time that he ought ___________ (spend) on his lessons.

 

 

 

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