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虚拟语气(subjunctive mood)练习1          【字体:
虚拟语气(subjunctive mood)练习1
作者:zhangfen…    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2006-7-12

虚拟语气(subjunctive mood)练习1

姓名________座号__________

(1): Rewrite the following sentences with subjunctive mood.

Eg: His father doesn’t have enough money, so he can’t afford the house.

>> If his father had enough money, he could afford the house.

1: We don’t visit him very often, because he lives so far away.

 

2: He doesn’t speak very clearly so the audience don’t understand him well.

 

3: It is raining, so we can’t have barbecue in the garden.

 

4: I wasn’t hungry this morning, so I didn’t eat much.

 

5: Margaret wasn’t injured in the crush because she was wearing a seat belt.

 

6: Kent hurried to the station and caught the train to London, so he wasn’t late for the interview.

 

7: Unfortunately, I didn’t bring along the address book with me, so I didn’t went to visit you.

 

(2): Multiple choices.

1: I had been badly ill. ________, I would had joined you in taking part in the sports meet.

A. However    B. Anyhow     C. Otherwise     D. Though

2: Without his help, we _____ such rapid progress

Adon’t make  Bwould not make   Cdidn’t make  Dwould not have made

3: Towards the end of our crossing a terrible storm blew up and the ship would have sunk with all on board _________ the efforts of the captain.

 

A. but for    B. because of     C. thanks to     D. due to

4: A man who stopped drinking for a week _______ certain to die. 

A. was        B. were     C. be      D. would be   

5: I might have lent you my car that day, ______I needed to meet my parents at the airport.

A. because    B. as     C. but     D. for  

6: With everything taken into consideration, the situation ________ so worse as it were.

A. wouldn’t be    B. wouldn’t have been    C. had been     D. haven’t been

7:____ your letterI would have started off two days ago

A. If I received   B. Should I receive   CIf I could have received  DHad I received

8: If I _____with her last summerI _____ with her now

A. worked am getting on very well      Bhad worked  would get on very well

C. had worked would have got on very well Dhad worked will get on very well

9: My son _____ the examinationbut he wasn' t careful enough

Amight be able to pass  Bmust have passed  

C. could have passed     Dwere able to pass

10: If you ______ any problemplease dont hesitate to ask your teacher

A. have   B. would have    Care going to have  D. will have

11:If only I _____ to my parentsadvice!

Alistening   B. listen  C. am listening  Dhad listened

12:I was very busy yesterdayotherwise I  ____ to the meeting.

Acame  Bwould come     C. had come  Dwould have come

13: Supposing the weather ____ badwhere would they go?

Awill be   Bis    Cwere    Dbe

14: There was plenty of timeShe ______________.

Amustn’t have hurried  Bcouldn’t have hurried 

Cmust not hurry       Dneedn’t have hurried

15: It’s still earlyyou _________.

Amustn’t hurry  Bwouldn’t hurry 

Cmay not hurry  Ddont have to hurry

l         虚拟语气是跟陈述语气相对而言,汉语中没有这样的区分,所以汉语为母语的英语学习者,对于虚拟语气不是很有把握。英语的虚拟语气主要在动词上面体现。要掌握虚拟语气中动词的用法,就必须对动词的时态有所领悟。

汉语:他昨天很生气。英语:He was very angry yesterday. (过去时在动词上体现)

汉语:如果他昨天开心就好啦!英语:If only he had been happy yesterday. (虚拟语气也在动词上体现)

稍加注意,就会发现这类虚拟语气的时态比陈述语气的要往前推一步,即:过去时过去完成时;现在时过去时;现在完成时过去完成时;一般将来时过去将来时;等。请指出下列虚拟语气的句子:

1.       He is tired now, otherwise, he would give you a hand.

2.       I would have taken that car, but I was $1000 short.

3.       ---I have been to the Great Wall twice. --- You would have a different impression if you went there a third time.

4.       We needn’t have taken the taxi as there was plenty of time to go.

5.       You should have put it where it was, but you ignored it.

6.       I should have had an exciting time if I had spent the holiday with my family.

7.       Why did you call at his uncle’s? He might have put you up for the night.

8.       Without examinations we would feel happier.

 

 

 

 

虚拟语气(subjunctive mood)练习2

姓名________座号__________

1) Please fill in the blanks with the given verbs in proper form.

1: The thief caught and brought to the police station insisted that he ______( break ) into the house and ________( set) free immediately.

2: The driver insisted on _______( drive) at a normal speed and not _______(answer) for the child’s death.

3: The coach suggested that we ________(start) off early the next morning.

4: The doctor suggested my _______(take) the medicine immediately after each meal.

5: Haven’t you seen his smile which suggested that he ______(be) satisfied with their work?

6: In class this morning the student express his wish _________ (be) a scientist in the future.

7: How I wish _________ (make) more friends while in California.

8: The boy missed the birthday party for his mother. He wished he _________(attend) it to share the happiness with the family. 

9: Look, it looks as if it ________ (rain). Let’s hurry, or we will be caught in the rain.

10: It is the police’s advice that we _______(keep) our wallet safe while in a crowded area.

11: Why not advice the patience _______ (do) more exercises in his spare time?

12: The author was advised ________(give) up smoking.

13: The secretary always speaks as if he ________(be) the director of the company.

14: The word came from the general that all the soldiers _______ (be) ready for the war.

15: The proposal given to the passengers was that they ____ (pay) attention to personal belongings.

16: The students ask that they _______(give) another chance to try the method.

17: With China joining WTO, it is necessary that students _______(learn) English as an international language.

18: It is stated in the law that every child aged more than 7 _______(attend) school without exception.

19: I would rather you ______(make) that kind of mistake that day.

20: If only he _______(ask) me for advice, the situation wouldn’t have become so worse.

21: The last bus has gone. It seems as if we ____(have ) to walk home.

22: How I wish I ___________(tell) the good news to my mother when she was dying.

23: Since money is more difficult to earn, I would rather they _____(take) a train to Beijing instead of a plane on business tomorrow.

24: It is time for us ________(get) everything of the meeting prepared.

25: It is high time the children _______(go) to bed before ten o’clock.

 

 

 

 

虚拟语气(subjunctive mood)练习3

姓名________座号__________

1: I have lost one of my gloves. I _____ it somewhere.

A. must drop     B. must have dropped   

C. must be dropping   D. must have been dropped

2: According to the local regulations, anyone who intends to get a driver’s licence ____ take an eye test.   A. can    B. must    C. would   D. may 

3: I often see lights in that empty house. Do you think ____ report it to the police?

A. should    B. may     C. will     D. can

4: Mr white ______ at 8:30 for the meeting, but he didn’t show up.

A. should have arrived    B. should arrive  

C. should have had arrived   D. should be arriving.

5: ---Isn’t that Ann’s husband over there?

  ---No, it ____ be him. I’m sure he doesn’t wear glasses.

A. can’t    B. must not    C. won’t   D. may not

6: You _____ be tired. You have only been working for an hour.

A. must not    B. won't   C. can’t   D. may not

7: ---Tom graduated from college at a very young age.

  ---Oh, he____ have been a very smart boy then.

A. could   B. should   C. might    D. must 

8: Children under 12 years of age in that country ____ be under adult supervision when in a public library.

A. must    B. may    C. can     D. need

9: ---Mum, I have been studying English since 8 o’clock. _______ I go out and play with Tom for a while?

  ---No. I am afraid not. Beside, it's raining outside now.

A. Can’t    B. Wouldn’t    C. May not    D. Won’t

10: ---I’ll tell Mary about her new job tomorrow.

   ---You _____ her last week.

A. ought to tell    B. would have told   C. must tell   D. should have told

11: ---Excuse me, but I want to use your computer to type a report.

   ---You ____ have my computer if you don’t take care of it.

A. shan’t    B. might not    C. needn’t   D. shouldn’t

12: “ The interest _____ be divided into five parts, according to the agreement made by both sides.” Declared the judge.

A. may     B. should    C. must     D. shall

13: It seems as if the sun _____ round the earth since it rises in the east and sets in the west.

A. circles    B. is circling    C. has been circling    D. were circling 

14: All the doctors in the hospital insisted that he ____ badly wounded and that he ____at once.

A. should be; be operated on   B. were; must be operated on  

C. was; should be operated     D. was; be operated on

15: Some women ____ a good salary in a job instead of staying home, but they decided not to work for the sake of the family.

A. must make   B. should have made   C. would make   D. could have made

16: I advised that he_____ to the hospital at once, but he insisted that he ____ quite well then.

A. be sent; was feeling   B. was sent; felt  

C. be sent; feel         D. should be sent ; should feel

17:--- ____ he come to see you?

   ---Of course, please. And I’d rather he ______ me the truth.

A. Will, inform    B. Shall; told    C. Should; will say   D. Can, spoke

18: Research findings show that we spend about two hours dreaming every night, no matter what we ______ during the day.

A. should have done   B. would have done   C. must have done   D. may have done

19: We ______ last night, but we went to the concert instead.

A. must have studied   B. might study    C. should have studied   D. would study

20: ---Tom came to work last Friday, but no one has seen him since.

   ---______ he have had an accident?

A. Should    B. Must    C. Might    D. Could

21: ---Mom’s gift? She _____ have chosen a better one for me.

   ---She _____ be very happy to know it.

A. should; must    B. might; wouldn’t   C. couldn’t; must  D. mustn’t; can’t

22: It would be impossible for him to leave hospital tomorrow if he _____ first aid when the accident happened.

A. hadn’t been given   B. won’t be given   

C. shouldn’t be given   D. wouldn’t be given

23: I supported him in time, otherwise he _____ off the bike.

A. might fall     B. would fall    C. would have fallen    D. should have fallen

24: ________ be sent for immediately?

A. Do you suggest which doctor should

B. Which doctor do you suggest that should

C. Which doctor do you suggest

D. Do you suggest which doctor that should

25: ---Oh, I think this party was wonderful. Did you like it?

   ---Sorry, I insist that it _____ so good.  

A. is not   B. be not     C. had not been   D. wasn’t

26  With a little more care you _____ this traffic accident.

A. would avoid    B. could avoid   C. could have avoided   D. must have avoided

27: ---He looks hot and dry.

   ---So ______ you if you had a temperature of 40ºC.

A. may     B. would    C. must     D. should

28: To hear him speak English one _____ take him for an Englishman. 

A. should    B. can     C. would    D. must

l         还有一类虚拟语气的动词很容易掌握,即:在一些表示“建议”、“请求”、“命令”、“要求”含义的词后的that从句中的动词,注意一定that从句,动词统统都是should+动词原型,或省略should的动词原型。请填写下列动词的适当形式:

1.         My suggestion that he________ (go) to see a doctor was constructive.

2.         He gave an order that every man_________ (stay) where they were.

3.         It was suggested that they_________ (make) coffee at home chatting with foreign guests.

4.         They came up with the suggestion that the city_________ (rebuild) at once.

5.         I recommended that each competitor___________(receive) $1.

6.         Where would you suggest we____________(go)?

7.         This passage suggests that everyone_______(have) a life of his own.

8.         He advised that a doctor_______(send for) as quickly as possible.

9.         Mom asked that we________(wash) our hands before each meal.

10.     He asked if I________(take) the examination before.

l         另一类虚拟语气动词变化也是很单一的,即it is time that从句中的动词---(过去时或should+动词原型,should不能省略。还有就是would rather+句子的动词--(过去时现在和将来的情况;过去完成时--过去的或完成的情况。)翻译下列句子:

1.         It is time that you went to bed.

2.         I would rather you went with me.

3.         I would rather that it had not happened to me.

4.         It is high time we got in crops.

l         还有一类虚拟语气动词变化和“建议”等+从句类似,即形容词necessary, important, imperative 等后面的that从句,谓语动词是:should+动词原型;或直接用动词原型。请填以下动词:

1.         It is necessary that we________(take) a test before we obtain a license.

2.         It is of importance that you___________(put) what you have learned to practice.

3.         It is strange that he__________(act) towards his parents like that.

Key to the exercise of subjunctive mood: 1

(1) 1: If he didn’t live so far away, we would visit him very often

2: The audience would understand him better if he spoke more clearly.

3: If it wasn’t raining, we would have barbecue in the garden.

4: I would have eaten much more if I had been hungry this morning.

5: Margaret would have been injured in the crush if she had been wearing a seat belt.

6: Kent would have been late for the interview if he hadn’t hurried to the station and caught the train to London.

7: I would have gone to visited you if I had brought the address book with me.

(2)  1-5 CDADD,  6-10: BDBCA   11-15: DDCDD

1. he would give you a hand. 2 I would have taken that car 3 You would have a different impression if…4 不是虚拟语气5 不是虚拟语气6 虚拟语气7 He might have put you up for the night 8虚拟语气

 

虚拟语气(subjunctive mood)练习2

1: hadn’t broken; (should) be set  2: driving; not answering; 3: (should) start;

4: taking;  5: was satisfied;  6 :to be   7:  to have made   8: had attended; 9:is going to rain;

10: (should) keep 11: to do  12: to give  13:were   14: (should) be   15: (should) pay 

16: (should) be given 17: (should) learn  18: (should) attend   19: had taken    20: had asked

21: have to   22: had told    23: took   24: to get   25: went

虚拟语气(subjunctive mood)练习3

1-5:BBAAA  6-10: CDAAD  11-15 ABDDD  16—19 ABDCD  

20—25: CACCD  26-28: CBC

1 go 2 stay 3 make 4 be rebuilt 5 receive 6 go 7 had/has 8 be sent for 9 wash 10 had taken

1(should) take 2 (should) put 3 should have acted

 

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